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Platform GPL7080 Query DataSets for GPL7080
Status Public on Aug 08, 2008
Title Operon Homo sapiens 34K
Technology type spotted oligonucleotide
Distribution custom-commercial
Organism Homo sapiens
Manufacturer Operon Biotechnologies GmbH, BioCampus Cologne, Nattermannallee 1, 50829 Cologne, Germany
Manufacture protocol Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 1
OpArraysTM Protocol
When planning or preparing for an experiment, please read through this protocol completely before
proceeding. When conducting your experiment, remove only the OpArrays slides you plan to use
immediately and immediately return the remaining OpArrays to the pouch, leaving the desiccant
pack in place. For added protection, OpArrays slides may be kept in their storage pouch in a
OpArrays Storage
OpArrays microarrays are printed on epoxide slides, pre-processed and supplied ready-to-use.
° The microarray slides should be stored in their original container at room temperature in dry
conditions (preferably desiccated) and protected from light.
° The slide box containing OpArrays is shipped in a re-sealable storage pouch containing
desiccant which is ideal for continued storage.
° Both the storage pouches and slide storage boxes are manufactured from materials that
minimize out-gassing and effectively block exposure to foreign contaminants that can
elevate background levels in your experiments.
° When properly stored, OpArrays slides will remain hybridization competent for 4 months or
Array Position on OpArrays Slides
OpArrays slides are printed on the same side as the
barcode (graphic to the right). The array area is
18mm wide, 54mm long, and is located 8mm from the
top of the slide (barcode at bottom). The size and
location are compatible with standard 22mm x 60mm
cover slips and other equipment for handling
microarrays printed on this substrate size. A list of
previously tested equipment can be found in Appendix
Technical Note: To reduce possible sources of experimental variation,
which may effect experimental results, Operon strongly advises OpArrays
users to gather completed OpArrays experimental data by scanning the
OpArrays as soon as practical once the experiment is completed. Please
schedule your experiments appropriately.
Degradation of fluorescent dyes is reported post-hybridization; these
effects are attributed to a variety of sources. There are several reports
regarding reduction of Cy5 signal intensity relative to Cy3 due to the
concentration of atmospheric ozone above 5 ppb in the atmosphere. The
major consideration in preventing this effect seems to be in the
transition from a wet to dry array surface. This protocol is designed to
minimize these effects.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 2
Target Preparation for OpArrays
Isolation of Total RNA
Total RNA can be isolated employing commonly described procedures (such as Sambrook et al.,
2000). However, depending on the organism and tissue type, the method of choice may require
different modifications. Operon recommends selecting a procedure that is best suited for the tissue
type that you are working with. If you are having problems isolating suitable RNA samples, you
may wish to refer to the collection of RNA isolation methods described by Farrell (2005).
Total RNA Cleanup
After isolating total RNA using the method of your choice, a subsequent RNA purification helps to
remove most of the inhibitory contaminants; such as organic (phenol),and cytosolic
(polysaccharide, polyphenols). Operon recommends using Qiagen’s RNeasy MinElute kit to purify
total RNA samples. This method works consistently well for RNA samples isolated from a wide
range of tissue types such as brain, kidney, liver, testis, and ovary from human, mouse and rat,
Arabidopsis seedlings, roots, leaves, flower, Maize leaves, roots, and endosperm, rice leaves and
roots, and the leaves of Medicago truncatula and Vitis vinifera (grape). Additional details
concerning the capacity of the columns and other technical details can be found in the Qiagen
RNeasy Mini Handbook.
° RNeasy MinElute Column (Qiagen Cat# 74204)
° Agilent RNA 6000 Nano LabChip Kit
° Refrigerated microcentrifuge
° RNAase-free microfuge tubes and tips
° 100% Ethanol
° DEPC-treated H2O
° 80% Ethanol (prepared with DEPC treated water)
Note: Buffer RPE is supplied with the RNeasy MinElute kit as a concentrate. Ensure that ethanol was
added prior to use.
1. Preheat 50 μL RNAase-free DEPC-treated H2O to 55°C.
2. Adjust sample (10 μg total RNA) to a volume of 100 μL with RNAase-free water.
3. Add 350 μL RLT buffer and mix thoroughly by pipetting.
4. Add 250 μL 100% ethanol to the sample, and mix thoroughly by pipetting.
5. Prepare the RNeasy MinElute spin column for use by placing it in a 2 mL collection tube.
6. Add the sample to the RNeasy MinElute and spin column. Close the tube gently.
7. Centrifuge for 1 minute at 10,000xg.
8. Discard the liquid from the 2 mL collection tube.
9. Pipette 500 μL RPE buffer to the RNeasy MinElute spin column. Close the tube gently.
10. Centrifuge for 1 minute at 10,000xg.
11. Discard the liquid from the 2 mL collection tube.
12. Add 500 μL 80% ethanol to the RNeasy MinElute spin column. Close the tube gently.
13. Centrifuge for 1 minute at 10,000xg.
14. Discard the liquid from the 2 mL collection tube.
15. Close the RNeasy MinElute spin column.
16. Centrifuge the spin column at 10,000xg for 3-5 minutes.
17. Discard the 2 mL collection tube.
18. Transfer the RNeasy MinElute spin column to a new 2 mL or 1.5 mL RNAase-free
microfuge tube.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 3
19. Pipette 40 μL DEPC-treated H2O (pre-heated to 55°C in step 1) directly onto the center of
the membrane. Close the tube gently.
20. Incubate at room temperature (RT) for 2 minutes.
21. Centrifuge for 1 minute at maximum speed to elute.
22. Immediately place the RNA solution on ice after elution.
Note: Since RNA samples are labile it is important to keep RNA solutions on ice after elution.
23. Measure the RNA amount using a NanoDrop.
24. Analyze the total RNA quality of your sample using a Bioanalyzer or Experion follow the
manufacturer’s directions to operate the instrument.
Total RNA Analysis using the Bioanalyzer or Experion
Only samples that have a large percentage of intact RNA will produce a uniform amplification.
Degraded samples will produce unpredictable RNA amplification which may cause variation in
subsequent microarray hybridization experiments. Therefore, we insist that you check the RNA
quality before proceeding to the next step. Operon recommends the use of the Bioanalyzer (Agilent
Technologies) or Experion (BioRad) to verify the quality of the total RNA sample. Typically, these
instruments require very small quantity of RNA for the analysis (100-150 ng/sample).
Figure 1. Electropherogram of total RNA from Arabidopsis leaf tissue was analyzed using the
Bioanalyzer. (CP = Chloroplast RNA)
Figure 2. Gel-like image file output from the Bioanalyzer. Sample 12 is the unpurified total RNA,
and samples 1-11 are the cleaned-up RNA samples from Arabidopsis leaf tissues.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 4
aRNA Amplification
An Overview
A typical microarray experiment requires 30-50 μg total RNA that is equal to ~1 μg polyA+ RNA.
This large amount of total RNA requirement makes RNA amplification techniques essential for
experiments involving limited amounts of starting material. Most RNA amplification techniques are
based on Eberwine methods (van Gelder et al., 1990), employing double-stranded cDNA synthesis
using oligo dT primers incorporating one of the T3 or T7 viral promoters, followed by in vitro
transcription (IVT) as a means to linearly increase the concentration of messenger RNA. The
optimized Eberwine method is capable of amplifying mRNA up to ~103 fold for one round of
amplification, and up to ~105 fold for two rounds of amplification (Wang et al., 2000; Baugh et al.,
2001). Employing two rounds of RNA amplification, one can successfully perform a microarray
experiment using as lit-dye modified UTP during
the process of in vitro transcription, or (2) indirect labeling, by incorporating aminoallyl modified
UTPs during in vitro transcription, followed by mono reactive Cy-dye coupling. The OpArrays
protocol takes advantage of the second approach. Aminoallyl UTP (aaUTP) does not contain a bulky
side chain modification, which allows ~100% replacement of the UTP with aaUTP during RNA
synthesis. Operon recommends using a 1:1 ratio of UTP:aaUTP.
61. Prepare the IVT Reaction Master Mix by adding the reagents in the following order:
Single Reaction
Amount Ingredient
2 μL aaUTP Solution (50 mM)
12 μL ATP, CTP, GTP Mix (25 mM)
2 μL UTP Solution (50 mM)
4 μL T7 10X Reaction Buffer
4 μL T7 Enzyme Mix
Note: When processing more than one sample include ~5% overage to cover pipetting error.
62. Add 24 μL IVT Reaction mix to 16 μL double-stranded cDNA sample.
63. Mix the reaction mix by pipetting up and down several times.
64. Centrifuge at 3,000xg for 30 seconds.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 8
65. Incubate the tube for 4-14 hours at 37°C in a PCR machine with lid temperature set at
66. After incubation, stop the reaction by adding 60 μL DEPC-treated H2O to each sample,
bringing the final volume to 100 μL.
67. Mix thoroughly by gentle vortexing.
68. Proceed to aRNA Purification or store the reaction tubes at -80°C.
aRNA Purification
° Aminoallyl Message Amp II kit (Ambion Cat# 1753)
° RNAase-free tips, tubes
° Refrigerated Microfuge centrifuge
° 100% EtOH
° DEPC-treated H2O
Become familiar with the steps before proceeding and have all reagents ready to use. This
procedure will remove all the unincorporated nucleotides from the aRNA.
69. Add 350 μL aRNA Binding Buffer to each aRNA sample, mix by pipetting up and down
three times.
70. Add 250 μL ACS grade 100% ethanol to each aRNA sample.
71. Mix by pipetting the mixture up and down three times.
72. Quickly transfer the sample onto the center of the filter in the aRNA spin column.
73. Centrifuge at 10,000xg, for at least 1 minute or until the liquid has passed through the
74. Discard the liquid from the collection tube.
75. Replace the aRNA filter cartridge back into the aRNA collection tube.
76. Apply 650 μL Wash Buffer to each aRNA filter cartridge.
77. Centrifuge at 10,000xg, for at least 1 minute or until the liquid has passed through the
78. Discard the liquid from the collection tube.
79. Centrifuge the aRNA filter cartridge for an additional 3 minutes to remove trace amounts
of Wash Buffer.
80. Transfer filter cartridge(s) to a fresh aRNA collection tube.
81. Add 100 μL DEPC-treated H2O to 55°C to the center of the filter.
82. Incubate at room temperature for 2 minutes.
83. After incubation, centrifuge at 10,000xg, for at least 1.5 minutes or until the liquid has
passed through the filter.
84. Discard the aRNA filter.
85. Place your aRNA sample tube(s) (~100 μL volume) on ice.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 9
Determine the concentration of aRNA using either the NanoDrop or a conventional
spectrophotometer. In general, you can expect a yield of ~40-60 μg amplified aa-aRNA from 1 μg
total RNA as starting material, and 80-120 μg of aa-aRNA from 2 μg of total RNA as starting
material. If the amplification is significantly less, it is likely that either inhibitory contaminants
present in the total RNA sample or there may have been partial degradation of the starting RNA
sample or traces of washing buffer (ethanol) in the cDNA from step 60.
Sample Preparation
86. Prepare an aliquot for Bioanalyzer (5 μL of aRNA 150-200 ng/μL concentration).
87. Aliquot 4 μg aRNA in 1.5 mL microfuge tube (if aRNA is limited, as little as 1 μg should be
88. Completely dry the sample using a Speedvac centrifuge set at 45°C or lower.
89. Store the remaining aRNAs samples at -80°C for further use.
aRNA Analysis using the Bioanalyzer
Follow the procedure recommended by the manufacturer for analysis of the RNA samples. In
general, 1 μL of RNA sample (100-200 ng/μL) is sufficient for analysis using a Nano chip.
Figure 3. Typical results of aRNA Analysis using the Bioanalyzer.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 10
Coupling of AA-aRNA to the Cy Dye Ester
° Cy3 Monoreactive dye (Amersham Pharmacia; Cat# PA23001)
° Cy5 Monoreactive dye (Amersham Pharmacia; Cat# PA25001)
° DMSO (Sigma; Cat# D8418)
° Hydroxylamine (Sigma Cat# 159417)
° 0.2 M Sodium Carbonate Buffer
Note: Typically, the Sodium Bicarbonate Buffer is supplied with the Aminoallyl Message Amp II kit (Ambion
Cat# 1753). If the buffer is not provided with the kit follow the procedure described below to make RNAasefree
0.2 M Sodium Bicarbonate buffer.
Preparation of 0.2 M Sodium Carbonate Buffer: pH 9.0.
° Solution I: Dissolve 0.84g NaHCO3 in 50 mL DEPC H2O in a disposable sterile Falcon tube.
° Solution II: Dissolve 1.05g Na2CO3, in 50 mL DEPC H2O in a disposable sterile Falcon tube.
° Mix 45 mL of Solution I and 2.75 of mL Solution II in a disposable sterile Falcon tube.
° Check the pH by aliquoting 5 mL into a new 15 mL Falcon tube, if needed adjust the pH by
adding appropriate amount of Sol-I or Sol-II. Never check the pH directly in the stock
solution as that is a common source of RNAase contamination.
° Aliquot 0.2 mL into RNAase-free tubes, store at -20°C. Discard the tube after use or 24
hours, whichever comes first.
Preparation of Cy3 and Cy5 Monoreactive Dye
These dyes are supplied in 5 aliquots; the content of each tube is sufficient for at least 4-5 labeling
Preparation of Cy-dyes Prior to Reaction
° Dissolve the entire contents of a single tube in 27 μL DMSO by flicking the tube several
° Leave at RT for at least 30 minutes protected from light.
° Centrifuge at 1,000xg for 30 seconds to collect the dye at the bottom of the tube. The dye
is now ready for use, but can be stored at -20°C for up to one month. Protect the dye from
light by wrapping with aluminum foil.
90. Dissolve the dried aRNA sample in 5 μL 0.2 M NaHCO3 buffer (make sure the aRNA
completely dissolved in to the solution by pipetting the buffer along the sides of the tube).
91. Incubate the tube at RT for at least 20 minutes.
92. Add 5 μL Cy3 or Cy5 (in DMSO) to each aRNA sample.
93. Mix thoroughly by flicking the tube several times.
94. Centrifuge the tube at 1,000xg for 30 seconds.
95. Cover each tube with aluminum foil or otherwise protect the samples from light exposure.
96. Incubate the aRNA dye mixture at RT for 2 hours.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 11
Post Dye-Coupling aRNA Purification
RNeasy MinElute column (Qiagen Cat# 74204)
° RNAase-free tips and tubes
° Refrigerated centrifuge
° Hydroxylamine (Sigma Cat# 159417)
Preparation of 4 M Hydroxylamine:
° Dissolve 2.7g of Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride salt in 7 mL DEPC treated water.
° Bring the solution to 10 mL total volume.
° Aliquot the 4 M hydroxylamine solution into 100 μL aliquots in RNAase-free microfuge tubes.
° Store excess tubes at -20°C.
Quenching Reaction
This optional step involves quenching any unreacted Cy-dye by adding an excess of primary
97. Add 4.5 μL 4 M hydroxylamine into the dye coupling reaction.
98. Mix well.
99. Incubate for 15 minutes in the dark at RT.
Removal of Unincorporated Dye
Note: The Qiagen RNeasy MinElute column is used for this purpose. Become familiar with the steps before
proceeding and have all reagents ready-to-use. RPE buffer is supplied as a concentrate; ensure that ethanol is
added before use. Work through this procedure to remove all the unincorporated dye.
100. Adjust sample volume to 100 μL with DEPC-treated H2O.
101. Add 350 μL of RLT (kit) buffer.
102. Mix thoroughly.
103. Add 250 μL 100% ethanol to the sample.
104. Mix thoroughly by pipetting.
105. Apply the sample to an RNeasy MinElute Spin Column in a 2 mL collection tube.
106. Close the tube gently.
107. Centrifuge at 10,000xg, for at least 1 minute or until the liquid has passed through the
108. Discard the liquid from the collection tube.
109. Pipette 500 μL RPE buffer onto the spin column.
110. Close the tube gently.
111. Centrifuge at 10,000xg, for at least 1 minute or until the liquid has passed through the
112. Discard the liquid from the collection tube.
113. Add 500 μL of 80% ethanol to the RNeasy MinElute Spin Column.
114. Close the tube gently.
115. Centrifuge at 10,000xg, for at least 1 minute or until the liquid has passed through the
116. Discard the liquid from the collection tube.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 12
117. Centrifuge at 10,000xg, for at least 1 minute or until the liquid has passed through the
118. Transfer the spin column to a new microfuge tube.
119. Apply 20 μL warm DEPC water (55°C) to the center of the spin column.
120. Close the tube gently.
121. Incubate at RT for 2 minutes.
122. Centrifuge at 12,000xg for 1 minute.
123. Repeat the elution with an additional 20 μL of warm DEPC water (55°C).
Measure the amount of dye incorporated into aRNA using a NanoDrop or conventional
Estimation of Dye Incorporation
The Beer-Lambert equation is used to correlate the calculated absorbance with concentration:
A = E * b * c where A is the absorbance represented in absorbance units, E is the wavelengthdependent
molar absorption coefficient (or extinction coefficient) with units of liter/mol-cm, b is
the path length in cm, and c is the analyte concentration in moles/liter or molarity (M).
Dye Incorporation
Use the table below to estimate the amount of dye incorporation. The NanoDrop instrument
contains built-in software (the Microarray Concentration module) that uses the general form of the
Beer-Lambert equation to automatically calculate the fluorescent dye concentrations.
Table of Extinction Coefficients for Typical Dyes Used in Microarray Experiments
Dye Type Extinction Coefficient (liter/mol-cm) Measurement Wavelength (nm)
Cy3 150000 550
Cy5 250000 650
Alexa Fluor 488 71000 495
Alexa Fluor 546 104000 556
Alexa Fluor 555 150000 555
Alexa Fluor 594 73000 590
Alexa Fluor 647 239000 650
Alexa Fluor 660 132000 663
Cy3.5 150000 581
Cy5.5 250000 675
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 13
Figure 4. Estimation of Cy3 and Cy5 incorporation into aRNA targets using the NanoDrop
Note: If NanoDrop is not available, a spectrophotometer may be used to measure dye incorporation.
Incorporation for Cy5 is measured as its absorption at 650 nm, and incorporation of Cy3 at 550 nm. To
calculate the amount of dye incorporated in your sample please see the "Incorporation Calculator" the Pangloss website.
Microarray Hybridization
° OpArrays Hybridization Buffer kit (OPHYB-1)
° Microscope slide staining dish (Ted Pella Cat# 21078-1) or mBox (Erie scientific, Cat# BXIM-
° Microscope slide holders (Ted Pella Cat# 21078)
° 10 mL disposable pipette
° Sterile measuring cylinder
° Extra-deep Hybridization Cassette (Telechem International Cat# AHCXD)
° LifterSlip™ (Erie Scientific Company Cat# 24X601-2-4733)
° 50 mL Falcon tubes
° Incubator set to 42°C (Boekel Shake N Bake Hybridization Oven)
° Sterile diH2O
OpArrays slides are always printed on the same side as the barcode on the slide. The array area is
18mm wide, 54mm long, and is located 9mm from the top of the slide (barcode at bottom).
OpArrays slides are supplied in a pre-processed, ready-to-use format.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 14
If you have a centrifuge equipped with a microplate centrifugation, use mBox (Erie scientific, Cat#
BX-IM-20ERIE) or Microscope slide holder to dry the slides, this will speed up the process and
produce less variation between the slides.
Note: Do not allow the slides to dry during the pre-hybridization and washing procedure.
Caution note: mBox may require more buffer than described in the procedure.
124. Pre-warm an appropriate volume of OpArrays Pre-Hyb Solution to 42°C by placing the
pre-hyb buffer in a 42°C incubator for 30 minutes.
125. Using a large enough volume of buffer to ensure that all slides are completely covered,
incubate slides in OpArrays Pre-Hyb Solution for 60 minutes at 42°C.
126. During the pre-hybridization step, prepare Wash Solution 1 by diluting OpArrays Wash B
1:40 with diH2O. Prepare 50 mL per slide (i.e. 1.25 mL OpArrays Wash B, add diH2O to
50 mL).
127. Wash slides for 5 minutes in Wash Solution 1 at 20-25°C.
128. Immediately transfer the slides to a container with sterile DH2O, and rinse for 30 seconds.
Repeat this step for at least two times.
129. Dry the slides using a nitrogen or oil free air jet or dry by centrifugation at 200xg for 5
minutes using a microplate rotor. If microplate rotor is not available use 50 mL Falcon
tubes for drying.
130. Preparation of 50 mL Falcon tube for slide drying.
a. Pack bottom of 50 mL plastic disposable centrifuge tube with Kimwipes.
b. Using forceps, carefully place slide into tube with label at the bottom.
c. Spin the slides at 200xg for 5 minutes, if any liquid remains on the slide, repeat for
an additional 5 minutes.
Note: Excessive amount of labeled target causes precipitation of Cy3, leading to very high background on the
microarray. Therefore we recommend using a maximum of 0.8 pmol Cy5-labeled target/ μL of hybridization
solution and 0.8 pmol of Cy3-abeled target/ μL hybridization solution.
131. Mix 2.5 μL of Cy5-labeled targets (40 pmol), 2.5 μL of Cy3-labeled targets (40 pmol) and
45 μL of OpArrays Hyb Buffer.
Note: The OpArrays Hyb Buffer can be diluted to a maximum of 90% [v/v] therefore if necessary,
concentrate the labeled targets using a speedvac. Store the tubes in ice until the next step.
132. Rinse the Hybridization Cassette with sterile diH2O and dry thoroughly.
133. Make sure the flexible rubber gasket is seated evenly in gasket channel.
134. Add 15 μL sterile diH2O to the lower groove inside the cassette chamber.
135. Insert the OpArrays slide into the cassette chamber, DNA side up (barcode side up).
136. Place the LifterSlip over the microarray slide.
137. Make sure the white stripe of the LifterSlip is at the lower side and properly positioned on
the slide surface.
138. Denature labeled target solution from Line 131 by incubating in the tube at 65oC for 5
139. Apply the labeled target solution directly onto the slides or place on ice immediately.
140. Apply the denatured target solution slowly to one end of the LifterSlip and let it disperse
across the OpArrays surface.
141. Quickly place the clear plastic cassette lid on top of the cassette chamber.
142. Apply downward pressure and manually tighten (clockwise) the four sealing screws.
143. Check all four screws again to confirm a tight seal.
144. Place the cassette into a hybridization oven set at 42°C.
145. Hybridize for 14-16 hours.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 15
Post-Hybridization Washing
Note: Do not allow the slides to dry during the hybridization and washing procedure. Wash Solutions 2, 3,
and 4 should be prepared in advance. Use at least 50 mL solution per slide.
146. Prepare all post-hybridization washing solutions:
Wash Solution 2:
° 50 mL OpArrays Wash A
° 25 mL OpArrays Wash B
° Bring Wash Solution 2 final volume to 500 mL with sterile diH2O
Wash Solution 3:
° 50 mL OpArrays Wash A
° Bring Wash Solution 3 final volume to 500 mL with sterile diH2O
Wash Solution 4:
° 5 mL OpArrays Wash A
° Bring Wash Solution 4 final volume to 500 mL with sterile diH2O
147. Pre-warm the Wash Solution 2 to 42°C.
148. After hybridization, remove cassette from the hyb oven and manually loosen the four
sealing screws (counterclockwise) to remove the lid.
149. Place the hybridized OpArrays slides into a slide rack removing them from the cassette
chamber using forceps.
150. Place the slide tray containing the OpArrays slide into a dish with Wash Solution 2 at 42°C
for 10 minutes.
151. Transfer the slide tray into a dish with Wash Solution 3.
152. Incubate at 20-25°C (RT) for 10 minutes.
153. Transfer the slide tray into a dish with Wash Solution 4.
154. Incubate at RT for 5 minutes.
155. Transfer the slide tray into another dish with fresh Wash Solution 4.
156. Incubate at RT for 5 minutes.
157. Dry the slides by either using an oil-free nitrogen (or air) jet or by centrifugation (200xg
for 5 minutes).
158. Protect the array from light, dust, and abrasion of the array surface. Scan as soon as
Note: There are several reports regarding reduction of Cy5 signal due to the atmospheric ozone above 5 ppb.
The Ozone induced Cy5 degradation is prudent particularly in the summer months. We advise taking
appropriate preventive measures such as increasing the Nitrogen in the microarray lab, or setting up
appropriate AIR filtration system to eliminate the Ozone. As a general practice we also recommend completing
the scanning as soon as the washing process is completed.
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 16
Scanning of the Microarray Slides
Please follow all manufacturer recommendations for Microarray scanner operation and
° Turn on the scanner at least 20 minutes before the scanning to warm up the scanner.
° Place the slide into the slide cartridge and close the scanner.
° If the slides are hybridized with two color targets, select Cy5 channel (650 nm) and Cy3
channel (532 nm), otherwise select appropriate wavelength.
° If the option is available, select the preview scan, and scan entire slide.
° Examine the image and if the option is available check the histogram.
° Adjust the laser power or PMT settings to obtain ration of 1 between these two channels.
If the microarrays hybridized with targets with single color make sure to follow a single
setting or similar setting to obtain a consistent result.
° After adjusting the setting to get a ratio of 1 between the Cy5 and Cy3 channel, perform
high resolution scanning (usually 10 microns).
° Save a multicolor TIFF image, otherwise save single channel TIFF images.
Feature Extraction
Feature extraction is one of the most critical steps in any microarray experiment. In this step you
will convert the optical image to numerical values for comparing the results among samples and for
drawing conclusions from your experiment. To facilitate feature extraction with any of the
commercially or publicly-available microarray analysis software, Operon provides files in the
standard *.gal configuration. Other configurations may be available through the Operon website
or upon request.
Operon Contact Information
North America
Global Headquarters
Customer Service: 800-688-2248
Technical Support: 800-688-2248
Fax: (251) 252-7794
Customer Service: 00 800-67 673377
Toll Free: +49-221-17090270
Fax: +49-221-17090170
Customer Service: +03-5914-1200
Technical Support: +03-5914-3750
Fax: +03-5914-3751
Mailing Address
Operon Biotechnologies, Inc.
2211 Seminole Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Mailing Address
Operon Biotechnologies GmbH
BioCampus Cologne
Nattermannalle 1
50829 Cologne
Mailing Address
Operon Biotechnologies K.K.
1-29-10 Maenocho, Itabashiku
Tokyo 174-0063
Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 17
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Date 2/7/2007 OpArraysTM Protocol Page 18
Appendix A
There are many models of scanners, hybridization stations, and analysis software which are
compatible with Operon OpArrays products. The items listed below have been specifically reviewed,
however, additional equipment if configured to accept a standard microarray slide will likely be
compatible with OpArrays. Please contact Operon Technical Support with any specific questions
regarding the OpArrays protocol. See contact information on page 16.
Specifically-Tested Equipment
Compatible Microarray Scanners
° Axon 4000B
° Axon 4100A
° Axon 4200AL
° Agilent DNA Microarray Scanner
° PerkinElmer Scanarray GX
° PerkinElmer Scanarray HT
° PerkinElmer ProScann
° PerkinElmer Scanarray Express
° Telechem International Spotlight-2
° Alpha Innotech NovaRay
° Genomic Solutions UC4 Scanner
° GE Healthcare ArrayWoRx Scanner
° Tecan Microarray Scanner
° Genetix aQuire scanner
° Innopsis Microarray Scanner
Microarray scanners NOT compatible with OpArrays Slides
° Affymetrix Scanner
° Illumina Bead array Scanner
° ABI 1700 Chemiluminescent Microarray Analyzer
Compatible Automated Hybridization Stations
° MAUI Hyb Station
° ArrayBooster™
° GeneMachines HybStation
° GeneTAC Hybridization Station
° CapitalBio Biomixer
° a-Hyb™ Hybridization Station
° Tecan HS400 Hyb-station
Compatible Manual Hybridization Chambers/Cassettes
° Glass array Hybridization Cassette; Ambion
° International Hybridization Chambers; Telechem
Contributor(s) Sarma SN, Kim Y, Ryu J
Submission date Jul 22, 2008
Last update date Jan 18, 2013
Contact name Sailendra Nath Sarma
Phone +8229585080
Fax +8229585059
Organization name Korea Institute of Science and Technology
Lab Toxicology
Street address P.O. Box 131, Cheongryang
City Seoul
ZIP/Postal code 136-791
Country South Korea
Samples (9) GSM309955, GSM309956, GSM309957, GSM310324, GSM310325, GSM310326 
Series (3)
GSE12353 Gene expression profiles of human promyelocytic leukemia cell lines exposed to six volatile organic compounds
GSE23018 Differential gene expression profiles of human promyelocytic leukemia cell lines exposed to benzene and its metabolites
GSE24899 Differential gene expression profiles of human promyelocytic leukemia cell line exposed to benzene toluene, and o-xylene

Data table header descriptions
GB_ACC Gene Bank Accession number
Updated_gene_name Gene name
Gene_symbol Symbol of gene
Unigene unigene number
Block Chip block
Col Chip colume
Row Chip Row

Data table
ID GB_ACC Updated_gene_name Gene_symbol Unigene Block Col Row SEQUENCE
4 NM_030984 Thromboxane A synthase 1 (platelet, cytochrome P450, family 5, subfamily A) TBXAS1 Hs.520757 1 4 1 AAATCTGCCCTAGGTCCAAAAAATGGTGTCTATATCAAGATCGTATCCCGCTGACACAGAAGGCTGCCG
9 NM_006080 Sema domain, immunoglobulin domain (Ig), short basic domain, secreted, (semaphorin) 3A SEMA3A Hs.252451 1 9 1 TAGAGAATAGTAGCACATTTTTGGAATGCAGTCCGAAGTCGCAGAGAGCGCTGGTCTATTGGCAATTCC
14 BC035446 Protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 13B PPP1R13B Hs.436113 1 14 1 CAGCACTGTAGCCCATCACCTTGGAGCACTGACTGTACATAGTGTGGTGAAGAAAAGTGAACGCCCTTG
17 BC059379 Solute carrier family 17 (sodium-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransporter), member 7 SLC17A7 Hs.375616 1 17 1 TGTGGTTTTGAGGCACCCACACCCCCCGCTTTCCTTTATCTCCAGGGACTCTCAGGCTAACCTTTGAGA

Total number of rows: 30996

Table truncated, full table size 4572 Kbytes.

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GPL7080_sequence.txt.gz 8.1 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT

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