GEO Logo
   NCBI > GEO > Accession DisplayHelp Not logged in | LoginHelp
GEO help: Mouse over screen elements for information.
Series GSE15888 Query DataSets for GSE15888
Status Public on May 27, 2010
Title Large-Scale Expression Analysis Reveals Distinct microRNA Profiles at Different Stages of Human Neurodevelopment
Platform organisms Homo sapiens; Mus musculus
Sample organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Non-coding RNA profiling by array
Summary Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs predicted to regulate one third of protein-coding genes via mRNA targeting. In conjunction with key transcription factors, such as the repressor REST (RE1 silencing transcription factor), miRNAs play crucial roles in neurogenesis, which requires a highly orchestrated program of gene expression to ensure the appropriate development and function of diverse neural cell types. Whilst previous studies have highlighted select groups of miRNAs during neural development, there remains a need for amenable models in which miRNA expression and function can be analyzed over the duration of neurogenesis.

Principal Findings: We performed large-scale expression profiling of miRNAs in human NTera2/D1 (NT2) cells during retinoic acid (RA)-induced transition from progenitors to fully differentiated neural phenotypes. Our results revealed dynamic changes of miRNA patterns, resulting in distinct miRNA subsets that could be linked to specific neurodevelopmental stages. Moreover, the cell-type specific miRNA subsets were very similar in NT2-derived differentiated cells and human primary neurons and astrocytes. Further analysis identified miRNAs as putative regulators of REST, as well as candidate miRNAs targeted by REST. Finally, we confirmed the existence of two predicted miRNAs; pred-MIR191 and pred-MIR222 associated with SLAIN1 and FOXP2, respectively, and provided some evidence of their potential co-regulation.

Conclusions: In the present study, we demonstrate that regulation of miRNAs occurs in precise patterns indicative of their roles in cell fate commitment, progenitor expansion and differentiation into neurons and glia. Furthermore, the similarity between our NT2 system and primary human cells suggests their roles in molecular pathways critical for human in vivo neurogenesis.
Overall design The experiment consists of a total of 51 arrays: 29 retinoic acid time series arrays (0,2,4,6,8,12,14,21 and 28 days), 2 each of NT2-derived neurons and astrocytes, 12 primary human fetal astrocytes, 3 primary human embryonic astrocytes and 3 primary human neurons. Each condition has a minimum of 2 biological replicates. The samples were compared as single channel experiments.

NOTE: The raw data files were submitted as generated in Quantarray with 2 channels, but due to issues with the control sample dye (Cy5 on Channel 1), only the Channel 2 (Cy3) data was analysed.
Contributor(s) Smith B, Treadwell J, Zhang D, McKinnell I, Ly D, Walker PR, Sikorska M
Citation(s) 20559549
Submission date Apr 29, 2009
Last update date Sep 20, 2012
Contact name Brandon Smith
Organization name National Research Council Canada
Department Institute for Biological Sciences
Lab Neurogenesis and Brain Repair Group
Street address 1200 Montreal Road
City Ottawa
State/province Ontario
ZIP/Postal code K1A 0R6
Country Canada
Platforms (1)
GPL8415 NRC-IBS_human-mouse_miRNA_422
Samples (51)
GSM398951 NT2_undiff_R1
GSM398952 NT2_undiff_R2
GSM398953 NT2_undiff_R3
BioProject PRJNA117053

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE15888_RAW.tar 7.5 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Processed data included within Sample table

| NLM | NIH | GEO Help | Disclaimer | Accessibility |
NCBI Home NCBI Search NCBI SiteMap