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Series GSE27912 Query DataSets for GSE27912
Status Public on May 31, 2011
Title Gene-chip studies of adipogenesis-regulated microRNAs in mouse primary adipocytes and human obesity (Exiqon)
Platform organisms Homo sapiens; Mus musculus; Rattus norvegicus; Human alphaherpesvirus 1; Human betaherpesvirus 5; Murid betaherpesvirus 1; human gammaherpesvirus 4; JC polyomavirus; Human immunodeficiency virus 1; Murid gammaherpesvirus 4; Human gammaherpesvirus 8; Betapolyomavirus hominis; Betapolyomavirus macacae
Sample organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Non-coding RNA profiling by array
Summary Adipose tissue abundance relies partly on the factors that regulate adipogenesis, i.e. proliferation and differentiation of adipocytes. While the transcriptional program that initiates adipogenesis is well-known, the importance of microRNAs in adipogenesis is less well studied. We thus set out to investigate whether miRNAs would be actively modulated during adipogenesis and obesity. Several models exist to study adipogenesis in vitro, of which the cell line 3T3-L1 is probably the most well known, albeit not the most physiologically appropriate. We used a microarray strategy to provide a global profile of miRNAs in brown and white primary murine adipocytes (prior to and following differentiation) and evaluated the similarity of the responses to non-primary cell models, through literature data-mining. We found 65 miRNAs regulated during in vitro adipogenesis in primary adipocytes. When we compared our primary adipocyte profiles with those of cell lines reported in the literature, we found a high degree of difference in adipogenesis-regulated miRNAs. We evaluated the expression of 10 of our adipogenesis-regulated miRNAs using real-time qPCR and then selected 5 miRNAs that showed robust expression levels and profiled these by qPCR in subcutaneous adipose tissue of 20 humans with a range of body mass indices (BMI, range=21-48). Of the miRNAs tested, mir-21 was both highly expressed in human adipose tissue and positively correlated with BMI (R2=0.49, p<0.001). In conclusion, we provide the preliminary analysis of miRNAs important for primary cell in vitro adipogenesis and find that the inflammation-associated miRNA, mir-21, is up-regulated in subcutaneous adipose tissue in human obesity.
Overall design 3 samples of pre adipocytes isolated from brown adipose tissue examined pre and post differentiation to brown adipocytes. 3 samples of pre-adipocytes isolated from white adipose tissue and examined pre and post differentiation to adipocytes.
Contributor(s) Gallagher IJ, Timmons JA
Citation(s) 21426570
Submission date Mar 11, 2011
Last update date Mar 23, 2012
Contact name Iain Gallagher
Phone 00 44 1786 46 6024
Organization name University of Stirling
Department Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport
Street address Room 4B133 Cottrell Building, University of Stirling, Airthrey Road
City Stirling
ZIP/Postal code FK9 4LA
Country United Kingdom
Platforms (1)
GPL13273 EXIQON miRCURY™ V8.1 LNA array
Samples (12)
GSM689397 brown_pre-adipocyte_pre-differentiation_replicate1
GSM689398 brown_pre-adipocyte_post-differentiation_replicate1
GSM689399 brown_pre-adipocyte_pre-differentiation_replicate2
This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
GSE27951 Gene-chip studies of adipogenesis-regulated microRNAs in mouse primary adipocytes and human obesity
BioProject PRJNA141731

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE27912_RAW.tar 5.0 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Processed data included within Sample table

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