GEO Logo
   NCBI > GEO > Accession DisplayHelp Not logged in | LoginHelp
GEO help: Mouse over screen elements for information.
Series GSE76224 Query DataSets for GSE76224
Status Public on Dec 12, 2016
Title Single-cell epigenomic variability reveals functional cancer heterogeneity
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Background: Cell-to-cell heterogeneity is a major driver of cancer evolution, progression, and emergence of drug resistance. Epigenomic variation at the single-cell level can rapidly create cancer heterogeneity, but is difficult to detect and assess functionally.

Results: We develop a strategy to bridge the gap between measurement and function in single-cell epigenomics. Using single-cell chromatin accessibility and RNA-seq data in K562 leukemic cells, we identify the cell surface marker CD24 as co-varying with chromatin accessibility changes linked to GATA transcription factors in single cells. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting of CD24 high vs. low cells prospectively isolated GATA1 and GATA2 high vs. low cells. GATA high vs. low cells express differential gene regulatory networks, differential sensitivity to the drug imatinib mesylate, and differential self-renewal capacity. Lineage tracing experiments show that GATA/CD24hi cells have the capability to rapidly reconstitute the heterogeneity within the entire starting population, suggesting that GATA expression levels drive a phenotypically relevant source of epigenomic plasticity.

Conclusion: Single-cell chromatin accessibility can guide prospective characterization of cancer heterogeneity. Epigenomic subpopulations in cancer impact drug sensitivity and the clonal dynamics of cancer evolution.
Overall design Cells were maintained at 37° C and 5% CO2 at recommended density and were harvested at mid-log phase. After harvest, K562 cells were stained with CD24-PE (BD Biosciences) antibody and sorted using a BD FACSAriaII for CD24-high and CD24-low expressing cells. 50 000 sorted cells for each replicate were washed, lysed, and tagmented using the standard ATAC-seq protocol (Buenrostro et al., 2013). Libraries were purified using Qiagen MinElute columns and quality was checked using Bioanalyzer. High-Throughout Sequencing was performed on a NextSeq Illumina machine using the NextSeq 500 kit. Settings were 75x75 cycles, paired end.
Contributor(s) Litzenburger UM, Buenrostro JD, Chang HY, Sheng Y, Greenleaf WJ, Sheffield N, Wu B, Katheria A
Citation(s) 28118844
NIH grant(s)
Grant ID Grant title Affiliation Name
P50 HG007735 Center for Personal Dynamic Regulomes: Administrative Core: Project 1: Special Equipment STANFORD UNIVERSITY CHANG
R01 CA118750 LincRNAs in human cancer progression: Wound Response Genes in Cancer Progression STANFORD UNIVERSITY CHANG
Submission date Dec 21, 2015
Last update date May 15, 2019
Contact name Howard Chang
Phone 650-725-7022
Organization name Stanford University
Department Dermatology
Street address 269 Campus Drive
City Stanford
State/province CA
ZIP/Postal code 94305
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL18573 Illumina NextSeq 500 (Homo sapiens)
Samples (12)
GSM1977058 K562 CD24-high sorted replicate 1
GSM1977059 K562 CD24-high sorted replicate 2
GSM1977060 K562 CD24-low sorted replicate 1
BioProject PRJNA306685
SRA SRP067660

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource 545.2 Mb (ftp)(http) BW 255.7 Mb (ftp)(http) BW
GSE76224_RAW.tar 1.9 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of NARROWPEAK)
SRA Run SelectorHelp
Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data provided as supplementary file
Processed data are available on Series record

| NLM | NIH | GEO Help | Disclaimer | Accessibility |
NCBI Home NCBI Search NCBI SiteMap