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GTR Home > Conditions/Phenotypes > Autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy


Excerpted from the GeneReview: Bestrophinopathies
Bestrophinopathies, the spectrum of ophthalmic disorders caused by pathogenic variants in BEST1, are typically characterized by retinal degeneration. The four recognized phenotypes are the three autosomal dominant disorders: Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD), BEST1 adult-onset vitelliform macular dystrophy (AVMD), and autosomal dominant vitreoretinochoroidopathy (ADVIRC); and autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB). Onset is usually in the first decade (except AVMD in which onset is age 30 to 50 years). Slow visual deterioration is the usual course. Choroidal neovascularization can occur in rare cases. ADVIRC is also associated with panophthalmic involvement including nanophthalmos, microcornea, hyperopia, and narrow anterior chamber angle with angle closure glaucoma.

Genes See tests for all associated and related genes

  • Also known as: ARB, BEST, BMD, Best1V1Delta2, RP50, TU15B, VMD2, BEST1
    Summary: bestrophin 1

Clinical features


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