Comprehensive Brain Malformation Panel
GTR Test Accession: Help GTR000500161.5
Last updated in GTR: 2021-01-20
Last annual review date for the lab: 2023-07-18 LinkOut
At a Glance
Diagnosis; Monitoring; Mutation Confirmation; ...
Lissencephaly; Bilateral frontoparietal polymicrogyria; CEDNIK syndrome; ...
ACTB (7p22.1), ACTG1 (17q25.3), ADGRG1 (16q21), AIMP1 (4q24), AKT3 (1q43-44), ...
Molecular Genetics - Deletion/duplication analysis: Next-Generation (NGS)/Massively parallel sequencing (MPS); ...
Not provided
The genetic causes of lissencephaly are complex LIS1 [OMIM#601545] abnormalities …
Not provided
Ordering Information
Offered by: Help
Specimen Source: Help
  • Amniocytes
  • Amniotic fluid
  • Buccal swab
  • Cell culture
  • Chorionic villi
  • Cord blood
  • Fetal blood
  • Fibroblasts
  • Fresh tissue
  • Frozen tissue
  • Peripheral (whole) blood
  • Product of conception (POC)
  • Saliva
  • View specimen requirements
Who can order: Help
  • Genetic Counselor
  • Health Care Provider
  • Licensed Physician
  • Nurse Practitioner
  • Physician Assistant
  • Registered Nurse
Test Order Code: Help
CPT codes: Help
**AMA CPT codes notice
Contact Policy: Help
Laboratory can only accept contact from health care providers. Patients/families are encouraged to discuss genetic testing options with their health care provider.
How to Order: Help
All samples should be shipped via overnight delivery at room temperature.
No weekend or holiday deliveries.
Label each specimen with the patient’s name, date of birth and date sample collected.
Send specimens with complete requisition and consent form, otherwise, specimen processing may be delayed.
Order URL
Test service: Help
Clinical Testing/Confirmation of Mutations Identified Previously
Confirmation of research findings
Test additional service: Help
Custom Prenatal Testing
Custom mutation-specific/Carrier testing
Test development: Help
Test developed by laboratory (no manufacturer test name)
Informed consent required: Help
Pre-test genetic counseling required: Help
Decline to answer
Post-test genetic counseling required: Help
Decline to answer
Recommended fields not provided:
Conditions Help
Total conditions: 37
Condition/Phenotype Identifier
Test Targets
Genes Help
Total genes: 131
Gene Associated Condition Germline or Somatic Allele (Lab-provided) Variant in NCBI
Total methods: 2
Method Category Help
Test method Help
Instrument *
Deletion/duplication analysis
Next-Generation (NGS)/Massively parallel sequencing (MPS)
Sequence analysis of the entire coding region
Next-Generation (NGS)/Massively parallel sequencing (MPS)
* Instrument: Not provided
Clinical Information
Test purpose: Help
Diagnosis; Monitoring; Mutation Confirmation; Pre-symptomatic; Risk Assessment; Screening
Clinical validity: Help
The genetic causes of lissencephaly are complex LIS1 [OMIM#601545] abnormalities cause the most severe form of lissencephaly and are generally associated with a p>a gradient. LIS1 mutations are present in approximately 30% of patients with LIS1-related lissencephaly and rarely in patients with SBH. Microdeletions involving 17p13.3 are present in 100% … View more
View citations (1)
  • Point mutations and an intragenic deletion in LIS1, the lissencephaly causative gene in isolated lissencephaly sequence and Miller-Dieker syndrome. Lo Nigro C, et al. Hum Mol Genet. 1997;6(2):157-64. doi:10.1093/hmg/6.2.157. PMID: 9063735.
Variant Interpretation:
What is the protocol for interpreting a variation as a VUS? Help
Variants are identified and evaluated using a custom collection of bioinformatic tools and comprehensively interpreted by our team of directors and genetic counselors.

Will the lab re-contact the ordering physician if variant interpretation changes? Help
Is research allowed on the sample after clinical testing is complete? Help
Recommended fields not provided:
Technical Information
Test Procedure: Help
Positive test results are confirmed using repeat analysis.
Test Confirmation: Help
Positive test results are confirmed using repeat analysis.
Availability: Help
Tests performed
Entire test performed in-house
Analytical Validity: Help
Analytical Sensitivity 99-100% Accuracy 100% Precision 100%
Assay limitations: Help
This assay covers the coding and immediate flanking regions of the included genes. Variants in the promoter region and in other non-coding regions will not be detected. Variants that occur within regions of high homology and/or repetitiveness may not be detected due to issues with alignment. The technical sensitivity of … View more
Proficiency testing (PT):
Is proficiency testing performed for this test? Help

Method used for proficiency testing: Help
Formal PT program

PT Provider: Help
American College of Medical Genetics / College of American Pathologists, ACMG/CAP
Software used to interpret novel variations Help
A custom collection of bioinformatics tools

Laboratory's policy on reporting novel variations Help
The laboratory reports novel variations.
Recommended fields not provided:
Regulatory Approval
FDA Review: Help
Category: FDA exercises enforcement discretion
Additional Information

IMPORTANT NOTE: NIH does not independently verify information submitted to GTR; it relies on submitters to provide information that is accurate and not misleading. NIH makes no endorsements of tests or laboratories listed in GTR. GTR is not a substitute for medical advice. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.