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Popliteal cyst

MedGen UID:
10853
Concept ID:
C0032650
Anatomical Abnormality
Synonym: BAKER CYST
SNOMED CT: Synovial cyst of knee (240008008); Baker's cyst of knee (240008008); Synovial cyst of popliteal space (240008008); Popliteal cyst (240008008)
 
HPO: HP:0032072
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0008288
OMIM®: 175750

Definition

A fluid-filled mass that is a distention of a preexisting bursa in the popliteal fossa, most commonly the gastrocnemio-semimembranosus bursa. This bursa is unique in that it communicates with the knee joint, unlike other periarticular bursae, via an opening in the joint capsule posterior to the medial femoral condyle. [from HPO]

Clinical features

From HPO
Abnormality of the knee
MedGen UID:
871199
Concept ID:
C4025676
Anatomical Abnormality
An abnormality of the knee joint or surrounding structures.
Joint swelling
MedGen UID:
56258
Concept ID:
C0152031
Finding
The presence of swelling in a joint.

Term Hierarchy

Conditions with this feature

Deficiency of hyaluronoglucosaminidase
MedGen UID:
226942
Concept ID:
C1291490
Disease or Syndrome
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IX (MPS9) is a rare progressive lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of the enzyme hyaluronoglucosaminidase-1, which degrades hyaluronan (summary by Imundo et al., 2011).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Xinxian X, Yuezheng H, Jian L, Huachen Y
Orthopade 2018 Jun;47(6):530-535. doi: 10.1007/s00132-018-3573-0. PMID: 29691604
Zhou XN, Li B, Wang JS, Bai LH
J Orthop Surg Res 2016 Feb 15;11:22. doi: 10.1186/s13018-016-0356-3. PMID: 26879283Free PMC Article
Ahn JH, Lee SH, Yoo JC, Chang MJ, Park YS
Arthroscopy 2010 Oct;26(10):1340-7. Epub 2010 Sep 24 doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2010.02.012. PMID: 20869836

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Kim MS, Lee JW, Ahn JH, Min KU, Lee SH
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2023 Oct;109(6):103595. Epub 2023 Mar 14 doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2023.103595. PMID: 36921759
Dainese P, Wyngaert KV, De Mits S, Wittoek R, Van Ginckel A, Calders P
Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2022 Apr;30(4):516-534. Epub 2021 Dec 27 doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2021.12.003. PMID: 34968719
Abate M, Di Carlo L, Di Iorio A, Salini V
Med Princ Pract 2021;30(6):585-591. Epub 2021 Aug 2 doi: 10.1159/000518792. PMID: 34348320Free PMC Article
Li H, Zhang M, Li Y, Wang H
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Oct;141(10):1741-1752. Epub 2021 Feb 23 doi: 10.1007/s00402-021-03812-4. PMID: 33620529
Zhou XN, Li B, Wang JS, Bai LH
J Orthop Surg Res 2016 Feb 15;11:22. doi: 10.1186/s13018-016-0356-3. PMID: 26879283Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Shah A, James SL, Davies AM, Botchu R
Clin Radiol 2017 Apr;72(4):323-337. Epub 2016 Dec 20 doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2016.11.010. PMID: 28007292
Lueders DR, Smith J, Sellon JL
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2016 Aug;27(3):631-48. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2016.04.010. PMID: 27468670
Herman AM, Marzo JM
Orthopedics 2014 Aug;37(8):e678-84. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20140728-52. PMID: 25102502
Fritschy D, Fasel J, Imbert JC, Bianchi S, Verdonk R, Wirth CJ
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2006 Jul;14(7):623-8. Epub 2005 Dec 14 doi: 10.1007/s00167-005-0028-z. PMID: 16362357
Friedman L, Finlay K, Jurriaans E
Skeletal Radiol 2001 Jul;30(7):361-77. doi: 10.1007/s002560100380. PMID: 11499776

Therapy

Abate M, Di Carlo L, Di Iorio A, Salini V
Med Princ Pract 2021;30(6):585-591. Epub 2021 Aug 2 doi: 10.1159/000518792. PMID: 34348320Free PMC Article
Li H, Zhang M, Li Y, Wang H
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Oct;141(10):1741-1752. Epub 2021 Feb 23 doi: 10.1007/s00402-021-03812-4. PMID: 33620529
Lueders DR, Smith J, Sellon JL
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2016 Aug;27(3):631-48. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2016.04.010. PMID: 27468670
Handy JR
Semin Arthritis Rheum 2001 Oct;31(2):108-18. doi: 10.1053/sarh.2001.27659. PMID: 11590580
Björkengren AG, Resnick D, Sartoris DJ
Radiol Clin North Am 1987 Jan;25(1):189-98. PMID: 2434970

Prognosis

Kim MS, Lee JW, Ahn JH, Min KU, Lee SH
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2023 Oct;109(6):103595. Epub 2023 Mar 14 doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2023.103595. PMID: 36921759
Hommel H, Becker R, Fennema P, Kopf S
Bone Joint J 2020 Jan;102-B(1):132-136. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.102B1.BJJ-2019-0273.R2. PMID: 31888367
Harcke HT, Niedzielski A, Thacker MM
J Pediatr Orthop B 2016 Nov;25(6):539-42. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000272. PMID: 26808591
Drescher MJ, Smally AJ
Am J Emerg Med 1997 Nov;15(7):683-5. doi: 10.1016/s0735-6757(97)90185-6. PMID: 9375552
Sansone V, de Ponti A, Paluello GM, del Maschio A
Int Orthop 1995;19(5):275-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00181107. PMID: 8567131

Clinical prediction guides

Kim MS, Lee JW, Ahn JH, Min KU, Lee SH
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2023 Oct;109(6):103595. Epub 2023 Mar 14 doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2023.103595. PMID: 36921759
Abate M, Di Carlo L, Di Iorio A, Salini V
Med Princ Pract 2021;30(6):585-591. Epub 2021 Aug 2 doi: 10.1159/000518792. PMID: 34348320Free PMC Article
Gu H, Bi Q, Chen J
Int Orthop 2019 Jun;43(6):1503-1508. Epub 2018 Aug 7 doi: 10.1007/s00264-018-4087-4. PMID: 30088053
Jiang J, Ni L
J Orthop Surg Res 2017 Nov 23;12(1):182. doi: 10.1186/s13018-017-0670-4. PMID: 29169352Free PMC Article
Zhou XN, Li B, Wang JS, Bai LH
J Orthop Surg Res 2016 Feb 15;11:22. doi: 10.1186/s13018-016-0356-3. PMID: 26879283Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Dainese P, Wyngaert KV, De Mits S, Wittoek R, Van Ginckel A, Calders P
Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2022 Apr;30(4):516-534. Epub 2021 Dec 27 doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2021.12.003. PMID: 34968719
Li H, Zhang M, Li Y, Wang H
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Oct;141(10):1741-1752. Epub 2021 Feb 23 doi: 10.1007/s00402-021-03812-4. PMID: 33620529
Van Nest DS, Tjoumakaris FP, Smith BJ, Beatty TM, Freedman KB
JBJS Rev 2020 Mar;8(3):e0139. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.19.00139. PMID: 32149934
Zhou XN, Li B, Wang JS, Bai LH
J Orthop Surg Res 2016 Feb 15;11:22. doi: 10.1186/s13018-016-0356-3. PMID: 26879283Free PMC Article
Keen HI, Mease PJ, Bingham CO 3rd, Giles JT, Kaeley G, Conaghan PG
J Rheumatol 2011 Jan;38(1):142-54. Epub 2010 Oct 1 doi: 10.3899/jrheum.100377. PMID: 20889598

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