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Neurodevelopmental disorder with infantile epileptic spasms(NEDIES)

MedGen UID:
1781627
Concept ID:
C5543538
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: NEDIES; NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER WITH INFANTILE EPILEPTIC SPASMS
 
Gene (location): NCDN (1p34.3)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0859162
OMIM®: 619373

Definition

Neurodevelopmental disorder with infantile epileptic spasms (NEDIES) is characterized by onset of severe and frequent epileptic spasms within the first year of life. Affected individuals have global developmental delay with delayed walking and poor or absent speech. More variable features may include poor overall growth, high-arched palate, and delayed myelination on brain imaging (summary by Fatima et al., 2021). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Short stature
MedGen UID:
87607
Concept ID:
C0349588
Finding
A height below that which is expected according to age and gender norms. Although there is no universally accepted definition of short stature, many refer to "short stature" as height more than 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender (or below the 3rd percentile for age and gender dependent norms).
Delayed ability to walk
MedGen UID:
66034
Concept ID:
C0241726
Finding
A failure to achieve the ability to walk at an appropriate developmental stage. Most children learn to walk in a series of stages, and learn to walk short distances independently between 12 and 15 months.
Delayed speech and language development
MedGen UID:
105318
Concept ID:
C0454644
Finding
A degree of language development that is significantly below the norm for a child of a specified age.
Focal-onset seizure
MedGen UID:
199670
Concept ID:
C0751495
Disease or Syndrome
A focal-onset seizure is a type of seizure originating within networks limited to one hemisphere. They may be discretely localized or more widely distributed, and may originate in subcortical structures.
Epileptic spasm
MedGen UID:
315948
Concept ID:
C1527366
Disease or Syndrome
A sudden flexion, extension, or mixed extension-flexion of predominantly proximal and truncal muscles that is usually more sustained than a myoclonic movement but not as sustained as a tonic seizure. Limited forms may occur
Intellectual disability
MedGen UID:
811461
Concept ID:
C3714756
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, is characterized by subnormal intellectual functioning that occurs during the developmental period. It is defined by an IQ score below 70.
Delayed CNS myelination
MedGen UID:
867393
Concept ID:
C4021758
Anatomical Abnormality
Delayed myelination in the central nervous system.
Myoclonic seizure
MedGen UID:
1385980
Concept ID:
C4317123
Sign or Symptom
A myoclonic seizure is a type of motor seizure characterised by sudden, brief (<100 ms) involuntary single or multiple contraction of muscles or muscle groups of variable topography (axial, proximal limb, distal). Myoclonus is less regularly repetitive and less sustained than is clonus.
High palate
MedGen UID:
66814
Concept ID:
C0240635
Congenital Abnormality
Height of the palate more than 2 SD above the mean (objective) or palatal height at the level of the first permanent molar more than twice the height of the teeth (subjective).
Epicanthus
MedGen UID:
151862
Concept ID:
C0678230
Congenital Abnormality
Epicanthus is a condition in which a fold of skin stretches from the upper to the lower eyelid, partially covering the inner canthus. Usher (1935) noted that epicanthus is a normal finding in the fetus of all races. Epicanthus also occurs in association with hereditary ptosis (110100).
Esotropia
MedGen UID:
4550
Concept ID:
C0014877
Disease or Syndrome
A form of strabismus with one or both eyes turned inward ('crossed') to a relatively severe degree, usually defined as 10 diopters or more.
Hypertelorism
MedGen UID:
9373
Concept ID:
C0020534
Finding
Although hypertelorism means an excessive distance between any paired organs (e.g., the nipples), the use of the word has come to be confined to ocular hypertelorism. Hypertelorism occurs as an isolated feature and is also a feature of many syndromes, e.g., Opitz G syndrome (see 300000), Greig cephalopolysyndactyly (175700), and Noonan syndrome (163950) (summary by Cohen et al., 1995).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Cardenal-Muñoz E, Auvin S, Villanueva V, Cross JH, Zuberi SM, Lagae L, Aibar JÁ
Epilepsia Open 2022 Mar;7(1):11-26. Epub 2021 Dec 19 doi: 10.1002/epi4.12569. PMID: 34882995Free PMC Article
Lagan N, Huggard D, Mc Grane F, Leahy TR, Franklin O, Roche E, Webb D, O' Marcaigh A, Cox D, El-Khuffash A, Greally P, Balfe J, Molloy EJ
Acta Paediatr 2020 Jun;109(6):1096-1111. Epub 2020 Jan 24 doi: 10.1111/apa.15153. PMID: 31899550
Wilmshurst JM, Gaillard WD, Vinayan KP, Tsuchida TN, Plouin P, Van Bogaert P, Carrizosa J, Elia M, Craiu D, Jovic NJ, Nordli D, Hirtz D, Wong V, Glauser T, Mizrahi EM, Cross JH
Epilepsia 2015 Aug;56(8):1185-97. Epub 2015 Jun 30 doi: 10.1111/epi.13057. PMID: 26122601

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Poke G, Stanley J, Scheffer IE, Sadleir LG
Neurology 2023 Mar 28;100(13):e1363-e1375. Epub 2022 Dec 29 doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000206758. PMID: 36581463Free PMC Article
Strzelczyk A, Schubert-Bast S
CNS Drugs 2022 Oct;36(10):1079-1111. Epub 2022 Oct 4 doi: 10.1007/s40263-022-00955-9. PMID: 36194365Free PMC Article
Xian J, Parthasarathy S, Ruggiero SM, Balagura G, Fitch E, Helbig K, Gan J, Ganesan S, Kaufman MC, Ellis CA, Lewis-Smith D, Galer P, Cunningham K, O'Brien M, Cosico M, Baker K, Darling A, Veiga de Goes F, El Achkar CM, Doering JH, Furia F, García-Cazorla Á, Gardella E, Geertjens L, Klein C, Kolesnik-Taylor A, Lammertse H, Lee J, Mackie A, Misra-Isrie M, Olson H, Sexton E, Sheidley B, Smith L, Sotero L, Stamberger H, Syrbe S, Thalwitzer KM, van Berkel A, van Haelst M, Yuskaitis C, Weckhuysen S, Prosser B, Son Rigby C, Demarest S, Pierce S, Zhang Y, Møller RS, Bruining H, Poduri A, Zara F, Verhage M, Striano P, Helbig I
Brain 2022 Jun 3;145(5):1668-1683. doi: 10.1093/brain/awab327. PMID: 35190816Free PMC Article
Lagan N, Huggard D, Mc Grane F, Leahy TR, Franklin O, Roche E, Webb D, O' Marcaigh A, Cox D, El-Khuffash A, Greally P, Balfe J, Molloy EJ
Acta Paediatr 2020 Jun;109(6):1096-1111. Epub 2020 Jan 24 doi: 10.1111/apa.15153. PMID: 31899550
Epi4K Consortium; Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project, Allen AS, Berkovic SF, Cossette P, Delanty N, Dlugos D, Eichler EE, Epstein MP, Glauser T, Goldstein DB, Han Y, Heinzen EL, Hitomi Y, Howell KB, Johnson MR, Kuzniecky R, Lowenstein DH, Lu YF, Madou MR, Marson AG, Mefford HC, Esmaeeli Nieh S, O'Brien TJ, Ottman R, Petrovski S, Poduri A, Ruzzo EK, Scheffer IE, Sherr EH, Yuskaitis CJ, Abou-Khalil B, Alldredge BK, Bautista JF, Berkovic SF, Boro A, Cascino GD, Consalvo D, Crumrine P, Devinsky O, Dlugos D, Epstein MP, Fiol M, Fountain NB, French J, Friedman D, Geller EB, Glauser T, Glynn S, Haut SR, Hayward J, Helmers SL, Joshi S, Kanner A, Kirsch HE, Knowlton RC, Kossoff EH, Kuperman R, Kuzniecky R, Lowenstein DH, McGuire SM, Motika PV, Novotny EJ, Ottman R, Paolicchi JM, Parent JM, Park K, Poduri A, Scheffer IE, Shellhaas RA, Sherr EH, Shih JJ, Singh R, Sirven J, Smith MC, Sullivan J, Lin Thio L, Venkat A, Vining EP, Von Allmen GK, Weisenberg JL, Widdess-Walsh P, Winawer MR
Nature 2013 Sep 12;501(7466):217-21. Epub 2013 Aug 11 doi: 10.1038/nature12439. PMID: 23934111Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Poke G, Stanley J, Scheffer IE, Sadleir LG
Neurology 2023 Mar 28;100(13):e1363-e1375. Epub 2022 Dec 29 doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000206758. PMID: 36581463Free PMC Article
Samanta D
Epilepsy Behav 2022 May;130:108678. Epub 2022 Apr 14 doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2022.108678. PMID: 35429726
Cardenal-Muñoz E, Auvin S, Villanueva V, Cross JH, Zuberi SM, Lagae L, Aibar JÁ
Epilepsia Open 2022 Mar;7(1):11-26. Epub 2021 Dec 19 doi: 10.1002/epi4.12569. PMID: 34882995Free PMC Article
Lagan N, Huggard D, Mc Grane F, Leahy TR, Franklin O, Roche E, Webb D, O' Marcaigh A, Cox D, El-Khuffash A, Greally P, Balfe J, Molloy EJ
Acta Paediatr 2020 Jun;109(6):1096-1111. Epub 2020 Jan 24 doi: 10.1111/apa.15153. PMID: 31899550
Ghossein J, Pohl D
Epileptic Disord 2019 Dec 1;21(6):585-589. doi: 10.1684/epd.2019.1116. PMID: 31843733

Therapy

Kenney-Jung DL, Rogers DJ, Kroening SJ, Zatkalik AL, Whitmarsh AE, Roberts AE, Zenker M, Gambardella ML, Contaldo I, Leoni C, Onesimo R, Zampino G, Tartaglia M, Battaglia DI, Pierpont EI
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2022 Dec;190(4):501-509. Epub 2022 Nov 29 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.c.32022. PMID: 36448195Free PMC Article
Burggren AC, Shirazi A, Ginder N, London ED
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2019;45(6):563-579. Epub 2019 Jul 31 doi: 10.1080/00952990.2019.1634086. PMID: 31365275Free PMC Article
Vlaskamp DRM, Shaw BJ, Burgess R, Mei D, Montomoli M, Xie H, Myers CT, Bennett MF, XiangWei W, Williams D, Maas SM, Brooks AS, Mancini GMS, van de Laar IMBH, van Hagen JM, Ware TL, Webster RI, Malone S, Berkovic SF, Kalnins RM, Sicca F, Korenke GC, van Ravenswaaij-Arts CMA, Hildebrand MS, Mefford HC, Jiang Y, Guerrini R, Scheffer IE
Neurology 2019 Jan 8;92(2):e96-e107. Epub 2018 Dec 12 doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006729. PMID: 30541864Free PMC Article
Devinsky O, Cilio MR, Cross H, Fernandez-Ruiz J, French J, Hill C, Katz R, Di Marzo V, Jutras-Aswad D, Notcutt WG, Martinez-Orgado J, Robson PJ, Rohrback BG, Thiele E, Whalley B, Friedman D
Epilepsia 2014 Jun;55(6):791-802. Epub 2014 May 22 doi: 10.1111/epi.12631. PMID: 24854329Free PMC Article
McTague A, Cross JH
CNS Drugs 2013 Mar;27(3):175-84. doi: 10.1007/s40263-013-0041-6. PMID: 23397290

Prognosis

Xian J, Thalwitzer KM, McKee J, Sullivan KR, Brimble E, Fitch E, Toib J, Kaufman MC, deCampo D, Cunningham K, Pierce SR, Goss J, Rigby CS, Syrbe S, Boland M, Prosser B, Fitter N, Ruggiero SM, Helbig I
Brain 2023 Dec 1;146(12):5182-5197. doi: 10.1093/brain/awad287. PMID: 38015929Free PMC Article
Kvernadze A, Tatishvili N, Lomidze G, Tarkhnishvili N, Kipiani T, Tatishvili S
Epileptic Disord 2022 Apr 1;24(2):359-372. doi: 10.1684/epd.2021.1397. PMID: 34887239
Hancock EC, Cross JH
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Feb 28;2013(2):CD003277. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003277.pub3. PMID: 23450537Free PMC Article
Riikonen RS
Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2010 Jan;14(1):13-8. Epub 2009 Apr 11 doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2009.03.004. PMID: 19362867
Ozduman K, Pober BR, Barnes P, Copel JA, Ogle EA, Duncan CC, Ment LR
Pediatr Neurol 2004 Mar;30(3):151-62. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2003.08.004. PMID: 15033196

Clinical prediction guides

Guerrini R, Mei D, Kerti-Szigeti K, Pepe S, Koenig MK, Von Allmen G, Cho MT, McDonald K, Baker J, Bhambhani V, Powis Z, Rodan L, Nabbout R, Barcia G, Rosenfeld JA, Bacino CA, Mignot C, Power LH, Harris CJ, Marjanovic D, Møller RS, Hammer TB; DDD Study, Keski Filppula R, Vieira P, Hildebrandt C, Sacharow S; Undiagnosed Diseases Network, Maragliano L, Benfenati F, Lachlan K, Benneche A, Petit F, de Sainte Agathe JM, Hallinan B, Si Y, Wentzensen IM, Zou F, Narayanan V, Matsumoto N, Boncristiano A, la Marca G, Kato M, Anderson K, Barba C, Sturiale L, Garozzo D, Bei R; ATP6V1A collaborators, Masuelli L, Conti V, Novarino G, Fassio A
Brain 2022 Aug 27;145(8):2687-2703. doi: 10.1093/brain/awac145. PMID: 35675510Free PMC Article
Xian J, Parthasarathy S, Ruggiero SM, Balagura G, Fitch E, Helbig K, Gan J, Ganesan S, Kaufman MC, Ellis CA, Lewis-Smith D, Galer P, Cunningham K, O'Brien M, Cosico M, Baker K, Darling A, Veiga de Goes F, El Achkar CM, Doering JH, Furia F, García-Cazorla Á, Gardella E, Geertjens L, Klein C, Kolesnik-Taylor A, Lammertse H, Lee J, Mackie A, Misra-Isrie M, Olson H, Sexton E, Sheidley B, Smith L, Sotero L, Stamberger H, Syrbe S, Thalwitzer KM, van Berkel A, van Haelst M, Yuskaitis C, Weckhuysen S, Prosser B, Son Rigby C, Demarest S, Pierce S, Zhang Y, Møller RS, Bruining H, Poduri A, Zara F, Verhage M, Striano P, Helbig I
Brain 2022 Jun 3;145(5):1668-1683. doi: 10.1093/brain/awab327. PMID: 35190816Free PMC Article
Takata A, Nakashima M, Saitsu H, Mizuguchi T, Mitsuhashi S, Takahashi Y, Okamoto N, Osaka H, Nakamura K, Tohyama J, Haginoya K, Takeshita S, Kuki I, Okanishi T, Goto T, Sasaki M, Sakai Y, Miyake N, Miyatake S, Tsuchida N, Iwama K, Minase G, Sekiguchi F, Fujita A, Imagawa E, Koshimizu E, Uchiyama Y, Hamanaka K, Ohba C, Itai T, Aoi H, Saida K, Sakaguchi T, Den K, Takahashi R, Ikeda H, Yamaguchi T, Tsukamoto K, Yoshitomi S, Oboshi T, Imai K, Kimizu T, Kobayashi Y, Kubota M, Kashii H, Baba S, Iai M, Kira R, Hara M, Ohta M, Miyata Y, Miyata R, Takanashi JI, Matsui J, Yokochi K, Shimono M, Amamoto M, Takayama R, Hirabayashi S, Aiba K, Matsumoto H, Nabatame S, Shiihara T, Kato M, Matsumoto N
Nat Commun 2019 Jun 7;10(1):2506. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10482-9. PMID: 31175295Free PMC Article
Epi4K Consortium; Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project, Allen AS, Berkovic SF, Cossette P, Delanty N, Dlugos D, Eichler EE, Epstein MP, Glauser T, Goldstein DB, Han Y, Heinzen EL, Hitomi Y, Howell KB, Johnson MR, Kuzniecky R, Lowenstein DH, Lu YF, Madou MR, Marson AG, Mefford HC, Esmaeeli Nieh S, O'Brien TJ, Ottman R, Petrovski S, Poduri A, Ruzzo EK, Scheffer IE, Sherr EH, Yuskaitis CJ, Abou-Khalil B, Alldredge BK, Bautista JF, Berkovic SF, Boro A, Cascino GD, Consalvo D, Crumrine P, Devinsky O, Dlugos D, Epstein MP, Fiol M, Fountain NB, French J, Friedman D, Geller EB, Glauser T, Glynn S, Haut SR, Hayward J, Helmers SL, Joshi S, Kanner A, Kirsch HE, Knowlton RC, Kossoff EH, Kuperman R, Kuzniecky R, Lowenstein DH, McGuire SM, Motika PV, Novotny EJ, Ottman R, Paolicchi JM, Parent JM, Park K, Poduri A, Scheffer IE, Shellhaas RA, Sherr EH, Shih JJ, Singh R, Sirven J, Smith MC, Sullivan J, Lin Thio L, Venkat A, Vining EP, Von Allmen GK, Weisenberg JL, Widdess-Walsh P, Winawer MR
Nature 2013 Sep 12;501(7466):217-21. Epub 2013 Aug 11 doi: 10.1038/nature12439. PMID: 23934111Free PMC Article
Paterson AD
Psychiatr Genet 1998 Summer;8(2):121-6. doi: 10.1097/00041444-199800820-00017. PMID: 9686435

Recent systematic reviews

Mitchell RA, Barton SM, Harvey AS, Ure AM, Williams K
Dev Med Child Neurol 2021 Jul;63(7):791-801. Epub 2021 Jan 11 doi: 10.1111/dmcn.14787. PMID: 33432576
Strasser L, Downes M, Kung J, Cross JH, De Haan M
Dev Med Child Neurol 2018 Jan;60(1):19-29. Epub 2017 Nov 9 doi: 10.1111/dmcn.13598. PMID: 29119560
Verrotti A, Carelli A, Coppola G
J Child Neurol 2014 Dec;29(12):1757-64. Epub 2014 Jul 17 doi: 10.1177/0883073814541469. PMID: 25038123
Hancock EC, Cross JH
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Feb 28;2013(2):CD003277. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003277.pub3. PMID: 23450537Free PMC Article
Cramer JA, Sapin C, François C
Acta Neurol Scand 2013 Aug;128(2):91-9. Epub 2013 Feb 15 doi: 10.1111/ane.12086. PMID: 23410109

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