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Short nasal septum

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Synonyms: Decreased length of nasal septum; Decreased length of septum of nose; Short septum of nose
HPO: HP:0000420


Reduced superior to inferior length of the nasal septum. [from HPO]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVShort nasal septum

Conditions with this feature

Branchiooculofacial syndrome
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
The branchiooculofacial syndrome (BOFS) is characterized by: branchial (cervical or infra- or supra-auricular) skin defects that range from barely perceptible thin skin or hair patch to erythematous "hemangiomatous" lesions to large weeping erosions; ocular anomalies that can include microphthalmia, anophthalmia, coloboma, and nasolacrimal duct stenosis/atresia; and facial anomalies that can include ocular hypertelorism or telecanthus, broad nasal tip, upslanted palpebral fissures, cleft lip or prominent philtral pillars that give the appearance of a repaired cleft lip (formerly called "pseudocleft lip") with or without cleft palate, upper lip pits, and lower facial weakness (asymmetric crying face or partial 7th cranial nerve weakness). Malformed and prominent pinnae and hearing loss from inner ear and/or petrous bone anomalies are common. Intellect is usually normal.
X-linked chondrodysplasia punctata 1
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
X-linked chondrodysplasia punctata 1 (CDPX1) is characterized by chondrodysplasia punctata (stippled epiphyses), brachytelephalangy (shortening of the distal phalanges), and nasomaxillary hypoplasia. Although most affected males have minimal morbidity and skeletal findings that improve by adulthood, some have significant medical problems including respiratory involvement, cervical spine stenosis and instability, mixed conductive and sensorineural hearing loss, and intellectual disability.

Professional guidelines


Kumar M, Panneerselvam E, Prabhu K, Ganesh SK, Vb KKR
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Nov;123(6):639-644. Epub 2022 Jul 16 doi: 10.1016/j.jormas.2022.07.010. PMID: 35853555
Dispenza C, Saraniti C, Dispenza F, Caramanna C, Salzano FA
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2004 Nov;68(11):1417-21. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2004.05.014. PMID: 15488974
Cutting C, Grayson B, Brecht L, Santiago P, Wood R, Kwon S
Plast Reconstr Surg 1998 Mar;101(3):630-9. doi: 10.1097/00006534-199803000-00009. PMID: 9500379

Recent clinical studies


Karadavut Y, Akyıldız I, Karadaş H, Dinç AE, Tulacı G, Tastan E
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Jan-Feb;83(1):59-65. Epub 2016 Apr 20 doi: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2016.01.014. PMID: 27184923Free PMC Article


Spano G, Campus G, Bortone A, Lai V, Lugliè PF
Eur J Paediatr Dent 2008 Sep;9(3):149-52. PMID: 18844445
Kjaer I, Keeling JW, Fischer Hansen B, Becktor KB
Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2002 May;39(3):357-63. doi: 10.1597/1545-1569_2002_039_0357_msmih_2.0.co_2. PMID: 12019014


Atalay YO, Kaya C, Ustun YB, Sahinoglu AH
Med Arch 2014 Oct;68(5):359-60. Epub 2014 Oct 15 doi: 10.5455/medarh.2014.68.359-360. PMID: 25568573Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Kjaer I, Keeling JW, Fischer Hansen B, Becktor KB
Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2002 May;39(3):357-63. doi: 10.1597/1545-1569_2002_039_0357_msmih_2.0.co_2. PMID: 12019014

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