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Spermatogenic failure 2(ASG; SPGF2)

MedGen UID:
400056
Concept ID:
C1862459
Finding
Synonyms: ASPERMIOGENESIS FACTOR; SPGF2
 
Gene (location): MSH4 (1p31.1)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0007161
OMIM®: 108420

Definition

Spermatogenic failure-2 (SPGF2) is characterized by male infertility due to azoospermia (Tang et al., 2020; Akbari et al., 2021). For a discussion of phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity of spermatogenic failure, see SPGF1 (258150). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Azoospermia
MedGen UID:
2150
Concept ID:
C0004509
Disease or Syndrome
Absence of any measurable level of sperm in his semen.
Male infertility
MedGen UID:
5796
Concept ID:
C0021364
Disease or Syndrome
The inability of the male to effect fertilization of an ovum after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
Oligozoospermia
MedGen UID:
18162
Concept ID:
C0028960
Disease or Syndrome
Reduced count of spermatozoa in the semen, defined as a sperm count below 20 million per milliliter semen.
Non-obstructive azoospermia
MedGen UID:
866757
Concept ID:
C4021107
Disease or Syndrome
Absence of any measurable level of sperm in his semen, resulting from a defect in the production of spermatozoa in the testes. This can be differentiated from obstructive azoospermia on the basis of testicular biopsy.
Abnormal circulating luteinizing hormone concentration
MedGen UID:
663319
Concept ID:
C0580438
Finding
An anomaly of the circulating level of luteinizing hormone (LH).
Abnormal circulating testosterone concentration
MedGen UID:
663334
Concept ID:
C0580454
Finding
An anomalous concentration of testosterone in the blood.
Abnormal circulating follicle-stimulating hormone concentration
MedGen UID:
892827
Concept ID:
C4072891
Finding
An anomaly of the circulating level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Lo Giacco D, Chianese C, Sánchez-Curbelo J, Bassas L, Ruiz P, Rajmil O, Sarquella J, Vives A, Ruiz-Castañé E, Oliva R, Ars E, Krausz C
Eur J Hum Genet 2014 Jun;22(6):754-61. Epub 2013 Nov 6 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2013.253. PMID: 24193344Free PMC Article
Shulman A, Feldman B, Madgar I, Levron J, Mashiach S, Dor J
Hum Reprod 1999 Mar;14(3):749-52. doi: 10.1093/humrep/14.3.749. PMID: 10221708
Hull MG, Glazener CM, Kelly NJ, Conway DI, Foster PA, Hinton RA, Coulson C, Lambert PA, Watt EM, Desai KM
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 Dec 14;291(6510):1693-7. doi: 10.1136/bmj.291.6510.1693. PMID: 3935248Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Nagirnaja L, Lopes AM, Charng WL, Miller B, Stakaitis R, Golubickaite I, Stendahl A, Luan T, Friedrich C, Mahyari E, Fadial E, Kasak L, Vigh-Conrad K, Oud MS, Xavier MJ, Cheers SR, James ER, Guo J, Jenkins TG, Riera-Escamilla A, Barros A, Carvalho F, Fernandes S, Gonçalves J, Gurnett CA, Jørgensen N, Jezek D, Jungheim ES, Kliesch S, McLachlan RI, Omurtag KR, Pilatz A, Sandlow JI, Smith J, Eisenberg ML, Hotaling JM, Jarvi KA, Punab M, Rajpert-De Meyts E, Carrell DT, Krausz C, Laan M, O'Bryan MK, Schlegel PN, Tüttelmann F, Veltman JA, Almstrup K, Aston KI, Conrad DF
Nat Commun 2022 Dec 26;13(1):7953. doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-35661-z. PMID: 36572685Free PMC Article
Kamiński P, Baszyński J, Jerzak I, Kavanagh BP, Nowacka-Chiari E, Polanin M, Szymański M, Woźniak A, Kozera W
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 24;21(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms21155274. PMID: 32722328Free PMC Article
Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834
Plotton I, Brosse A, Cuzin B, Lejeune H
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2014 May;75(2):118-25. Epub 2014 Apr 29 doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2014.04.004. PMID: 24786702
Huang WJ, Yen PH
Sex Dev 2008;2(4-5):251-9. Epub 2008 Nov 5 doi: 10.1159/000152041. PMID: 18987499

Diagnosis

Nagirnaja L, Lopes AM, Charng WL, Miller B, Stakaitis R, Golubickaite I, Stendahl A, Luan T, Friedrich C, Mahyari E, Fadial E, Kasak L, Vigh-Conrad K, Oud MS, Xavier MJ, Cheers SR, James ER, Guo J, Jenkins TG, Riera-Escamilla A, Barros A, Carvalho F, Fernandes S, Gonçalves J, Gurnett CA, Jørgensen N, Jezek D, Jungheim ES, Kliesch S, McLachlan RI, Omurtag KR, Pilatz A, Sandlow JI, Smith J, Eisenberg ML, Hotaling JM, Jarvi KA, Punab M, Rajpert-De Meyts E, Carrell DT, Krausz C, Laan M, O'Bryan MK, Schlegel PN, Tüttelmann F, Veltman JA, Almstrup K, Aston KI, Conrad DF
Nat Commun 2022 Dec 26;13(1):7953. doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-35661-z. PMID: 36572685Free PMC Article
Wyrwoll MJ, Gaasbeek CM, Golubickaite I, Stakaitis R, Oud MS, Nagirnaja L, Dion C, Sindi EB, Leitch HG, Jayasena CN, Sironen A, Dicke AK, Rotte N, Stallmeyer B, Kliesch S, Grangeiro CHP, Araujo TF, Lasko P; Genetics of Male Infertility Initiative (GEMINI) consortium, D'Hauwers K, Smits RM, Ramos L, Xavier MJ, Conrad DF, Almstrup K, Veltman JA, Tüttelmann F, van der Heijden GW
Am J Hum Genet 2022 Oct 6;109(10):1850-1866. Epub 2022 Sep 22 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.09.002. PMID: 36150389Free PMC Article
Kamiński P, Baszyński J, Jerzak I, Kavanagh BP, Nowacka-Chiari E, Polanin M, Szymański M, Woźniak A, Kozera W
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 24;21(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms21155274. PMID: 32722328Free PMC Article
Hu M, Li L, Liu S, Lou Y, Wang L, Le F, Li H, Wang Q, Lou H, Wang N, Jin F
J Assist Reprod Genet 2020 Feb;37(2):331-340. Epub 2020 Jan 25 doi: 10.1007/s10815-019-01686-5. PMID: 31983050Free PMC Article
Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834

Therapy

Kamiński P, Baszyński J, Jerzak I, Kavanagh BP, Nowacka-Chiari E, Polanin M, Szymański M, Woźniak A, Kozera W
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 24;21(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms21155274. PMID: 32722328Free PMC Article
Ogedengbe OO, Naidu ECS, Azu OO
Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet 2018 Apr;43(2):121-135. doi: 10.1007/s13318-017-0438-6. PMID: 28956285
Wang J, Wang W, Li S, Han Y, Zhang P, Meng G, Xiao Y, Xie L, Wang X, Sha J, Chen Q, Moore PK, Wang R, Xiang W, Ji Y
Antioxid Redox Signal 2018 Jun 1;28(16):1447-1462. Epub 2017 Oct 16 doi: 10.1089/ars.2016.6968. PMID: 28537489
Bansal SK, Gupta G, Rajender S
Mutat Res Rev Mutat Res 2016 Apr-Jun;768:78-90. Epub 2016 May 4 doi: 10.1016/j.mrrev.2016.04.007. PMID: 27234565
Plotton I, Brosse A, Cuzin B, Lejeune H
Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2014 May;75(2):118-25. Epub 2014 Apr 29 doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2014.04.004. PMID: 24786702

Prognosis

Wyrwoll MJ, Gaasbeek CM, Golubickaite I, Stakaitis R, Oud MS, Nagirnaja L, Dion C, Sindi EB, Leitch HG, Jayasena CN, Sironen A, Dicke AK, Rotte N, Stallmeyer B, Kliesch S, Grangeiro CHP, Araujo TF, Lasko P; Genetics of Male Infertility Initiative (GEMINI) consortium, D'Hauwers K, Smits RM, Ramos L, Xavier MJ, Conrad DF, Almstrup K, Veltman JA, Tüttelmann F, van der Heijden GW
Am J Hum Genet 2022 Oct 6;109(10):1850-1866. Epub 2022 Sep 22 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.09.002. PMID: 36150389Free PMC Article
Li L, Wang R, Yu Y, Zhang H, Jiang Y, Yang X, Liu R
Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 Sep;8(9):e1372. Epub 2020 Jun 22 doi: 10.1002/mgg3.1372. PMID: 32573075Free PMC Article
Arena S, Impellizzeri P, Fazzari C, Peri Flora M, Enrica A, Calabrese U, Centorrino A, Alibrandi A, Romeo C
Urol J 2020 Jun 23;17(4):391-396. doi: 10.22037/uj.v0i0.5351. PMID: 32207142
Colaco S, Modi D
J Assist Reprod Genet 2019 Jul;36(7):1329-1337. Epub 2019 Jun 18 doi: 10.1007/s10815-019-01492-z. PMID: 31214882Free PMC Article
Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834

Clinical prediction guides

Wyrwoll MJ, Gaasbeek CM, Golubickaite I, Stakaitis R, Oud MS, Nagirnaja L, Dion C, Sindi EB, Leitch HG, Jayasena CN, Sironen A, Dicke AK, Rotte N, Stallmeyer B, Kliesch S, Grangeiro CHP, Araujo TF, Lasko P; Genetics of Male Infertility Initiative (GEMINI) consortium, D'Hauwers K, Smits RM, Ramos L, Xavier MJ, Conrad DF, Almstrup K, Veltman JA, Tüttelmann F, van der Heijden GW
Am J Hum Genet 2022 Oct 6;109(10):1850-1866. Epub 2022 Sep 22 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.09.002. PMID: 36150389Free PMC Article
Colaco S, Modi D
J Assist Reprod Genet 2019 Jul;36(7):1329-1337. Epub 2019 Jun 18 doi: 10.1007/s10815-019-01492-z. PMID: 31214882Free PMC Article
Wang J, Wang W, Li S, Han Y, Zhang P, Meng G, Xiao Y, Xie L, Wang X, Sha J, Chen Q, Moore PK, Wang R, Xiang W, Ji Y
Antioxid Redox Signal 2018 Jun 1;28(16):1447-1462. Epub 2017 Oct 16 doi: 10.1089/ars.2016.6968. PMID: 28537489
Krausz C, Casamonti E
Hum Genet 2017 May;136(5):637-655. Epub 2017 Apr 29 doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1793-8. PMID: 28456834
Rozen SG, Marszalek JD, Irenze K, Skaletsky H, Brown LG, Oates RD, Silber SJ, Ardlie K, Page DC
Am J Hum Genet 2012 Nov 2;91(5):890-6. Epub 2012 Oct 25 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.09.003. PMID: 23103232Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Clark I, Brougham MFH, Spears N, Mitchell RT
Hum Reprod Update 2023 Mar 1;29(2):233-245. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmac039. PMID: 36495566Free PMC Article
Singh B, Gornet M, Sims H, Kisanga E, Knight Z, Segars J
Am J Reprod Immunol 2020 Nov;84(5):e13351. Epub 2020 Oct 9 doi: 10.1111/aji.13351. PMID: 32969123Free PMC Article
Bansal SK, Gupta G, Rajender S
Mutat Res Rev Mutat Res 2016 Apr-Jun;768:78-90. Epub 2016 May 4 doi: 10.1016/j.mrrev.2016.04.007. PMID: 27234565

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