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Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

MedGen UID:
42219
Concept ID:
C0017575
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Acute membranous gingivitis; Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis; Fusospirillary gingivitis; Fusospirillosis; Phagedenic gingivitis; Vincent's gingivitis; Vincent's infection; Vincent's stomatitis
SNOMED CT: Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (399050001); Trench mouth (399050001); Vincent's gingivitis (399050001); Acute ulceromembranous gingivitis (399050001); Acute ulcerative gingivitis (172697005); AUG - Acute ulcerative gingivitis (172697005); Vincent's stomatitis (173599005); Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis (173599005); Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (707792000); Vincent disease (399050001); ANUG - acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (399050001)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0006865

Definition

A bacterial infectious process affecting the gums. It is characterized by the development of necrotic, ulcerated, and painful lesions with creation of pseudomembranes extending along the gingival margins. [from NCI]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVNecrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Keine KC, Kuga MC, Pereira KF, Diniz AC, Tonetto MR, Galoza MO, Magro MG, de Barros YB, Bandéca MC, de Andrade MF
J Contemp Dent Pract 2015 Dec 1;16(12):977-83. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1791. PMID: 27018033
Brook I
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2009 Mar;266(3):315-23. Epub 2008 Nov 5 doi: 10.1007/s00405-008-0849-8. PMID: 18985371
Hartnett AC, Shiloah J
Quintessence Int 1991 Feb;22(2):95-100. PMID: 2068255

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Gopalakrishnan U, Felicita S, Ronald B, Appavoo E, Patil S
J Contemp Dent Pract 2022 Jun 1;23(6):569-571. PMID: 36259293
Reddy R, Fitzpatrick SG, Bhattacharyya I, Cohen DM, Islam MN
Head Neck Pathol 2019 Sep;13(3):386-396. Epub 2018 Oct 29 doi: 10.1007/s12105-018-0982-7. PMID: 30374883Free PMC Article
Dufty J, Gkranias N, Donos N
Oral Health Prev Dent 2017;15(4):321-327. doi: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a38766. PMID: 28761942
Enwonwu CO, Falkler WA, Idigbe EO
Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 2000;11(2):159-71. doi: 10.1177/10454411000110020201. PMID: 12002813
Qandil R, Sandhu HS, Matthews DC
J Can Dent Assoc 1997 Mar;63(3):187-92, 194-5. PMID: 9086680

Diagnosis

Siddiqui AZ, Vellappally S, Fouad H, Muckarrum SM
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020 Mar;29:101668. Epub 2020 Jan 24 doi: 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101668. PMID: 31988023
Dufty J, Gkranias N, Donos N
Oral Health Prev Dent 2017;15(4):321-327. doi: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a38766. PMID: 28761942
Chaubal T, Bapat R
Am J Med 2017 Nov;130(11):e493-e494. Epub 2017 Jun 8 doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2017.05.020. PMID: 28602875
Herrera D, Alonso B, de Arriba L, Santa Cruz I, Serrano C, Sanz M
Periodontol 2000 2014 Jun;65(1):149-77. doi: 10.1111/prd.12022. PMID: 24738591
Schneider LC, Schneider AE
Mt Sinai J Med 1998 Oct-Nov;65(5-6):383-7. PMID: 9844367

Therapy

Siddiqui AZ, Vellappally S, Fouad H, Muckarrum SM
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020 Mar;29:101668. Epub 2020 Jan 24 doi: 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101668. PMID: 31988023
Silva SC, Nasser R, Payne AS, Stoopler ET
J Emerg Med 2019 Jan;56(1):102-104. Epub 2018 Nov 30 doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.10.028. PMID: 30503724
Chaubal T, Bapat R
Am J Med 2017 Nov;130(11):e493-e494. Epub 2017 Jun 8 doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2017.05.020. PMID: 28602875
Fetterolf B, Zaballa A, Strote J
West J Emerg Med 2015 Dec;16(7):1196-7. Epub 2015 Dec 8 doi: 10.5811/westjem.2015.8.28358. PMID: 26759682Free PMC Article
Herrera D, Alonso B, de Arriba L, Santa Cruz I, Serrano C, Sanz M
Periodontol 2000 2014 Jun;65(1):149-77. doi: 10.1111/prd.12022. PMID: 24738591

Prognosis

Herrera D, Alonso B, de Arriba L, Santa Cruz I, Serrano C, Sanz M
Periodontol 2000 2014 Jun;65(1):149-77. doi: 10.1111/prd.12022. PMID: 24738591
Rowland RW
Ann Periodontol 1999 Dec;4(1):65-73; discussion 78. doi: 10.1902/annals.1999.4.1.65. PMID: 10863376
Patton LL, van der Horst C
Infect Dis Clin North Am 1999 Dec;13(4):879-900. doi: 10.1016/s0891-5520(05)70114-8. PMID: 10579114
Enwonwu CO, Falkler WA Jr, Idigbe EO, Savage KO
Oral Dis 1999 Apr;5(2):144-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.1999.tb00080.x. PMID: 10522212
Greenspan JS
Compend Suppl 1994;(18):S694-8; quiz S714-7. PMID: 8039207

Clinical prediction guides

Cichońska D, Komandera D, Mazuś M, Kusiak A
Int J Mol Sci 2022 Nov 9;23(22) doi: 10.3390/ijms232213772. PMID: 36430253Free PMC Article
Marty M, Palmieri J, Noirrit-Esclassan E, Vaysse F, Bailleul-Forestier I
J Trop Pediatr 2016 Aug;62(4):331-7. Epub 2016 Mar 10 doi: 10.1093/tropej/fmw005. PMID: 26966241
Ramos MP, Ferreira SM, Silva-Boghossian CM, Souto R, Colombo AP, Noce CW, Gonçalves LS
Quintessence Int 2012 Jan;43(1):71-82. PMID: 22259811
Patton LL, van der Horst C
Infect Dis Clin North Am 1999 Dec;13(4):879-900. doi: 10.1016/s0891-5520(05)70114-8. PMID: 10579114
Falkler WA Jr, Enwonwu CO, Idigbe EO
Oral Dis 1999 Apr;5(2):150-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.1999.tb00081.x. PMID: 10522213

Recent systematic reviews

Valian NK, Houshmand B, Ardakani MT, Mahmoudi S
Clin Lab 2023 May 1;69(5) doi: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2022.220738. PMID: 37145081
Ferrisse TM, Travassos DC, Rocha AF, Massucato EM, Bufalino A
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2019 Nov 1;24(6):e698-e703. doi: 10.4317/medoral.22213. PMID: 31655827Free PMC Article
Azzi L, Cerati M, Lombardo M, Pellilli M, Croveri F, Maurino V, Tagliabue A, Tettamanti L, Olszewska M
Oral Dis 2019 Sep;25(6):1465-1491. Epub 2019 Jan 6 doi: 10.1111/odi.13001. PMID: 30457193
Marty M, Palmieri J, Noirrit-Esclassan E, Vaysse F, Bailleul-Forestier I
J Trop Pediatr 2016 Aug;62(4):331-7. Epub 2016 Mar 10 doi: 10.1093/tropej/fmw005. PMID: 26966241

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