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Munchausen syndrome

MedGen UID:
44522
Concept ID:
C0026785
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Synonyms: Hospital Addiction Syndrome; Hospital-Addiction Syndrome; Hospital-Addiction Syndromes; Munchausen Syndrome; Munchhausen Syndrome; Syndrome, Hospital Addiction; Syndrome, Hospital-Addiction; Syndrome, Munchausen; Syndrome, Munchhausen; Syndromes, Hospital-Addiction
SNOMED CT: Münchausen syndrome (21586000); Munchausen syndrome (21586000); Münchausen's syndrome (21586000); Peregrinating patient (21586000); Munchausen's syndrome (21586000); Hospital hopper syndrome (21586000)

Definition

A factitious disorder characterized by habitual presentation for hospital treatment of an apparent acute illness, the patient giving a plausible and dramatic history, all of which is false. [from MeSH]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVMunchausen syndrome

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Bass C, Glaser D
Lancet 2014 Apr 19;383(9926):1412-21. Epub 2014 Mar 6 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62183-2. PMID: 24612863
Rosenberg DA
Child Abuse Negl 2003 Apr;27(4):421-30. doi: 10.1016/s0145-2134(03)00029-2. PMID: 12686327
Koblenzer CS
Am J Clin Dermatol 2000 Jan-Feb;1(1):47-55. doi: 10.2165/00128071-200001010-00005. PMID: 11702305

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Abeln B, Love R
Nurs Clin North Am 2018 Sep;53(3):375-384. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2018.04.005. PMID: 30100003
Perritt E, Dunlop A
Anaesthesia 2018 Jan;73(1):124. doi: 10.1111/anae.14149. PMID: 29210034
Harth W, Taube KM, Gieler U
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2010 May;8(5):361-72; quiz 373. Epub 2010 Feb 12 doi: 10.1111/j.1610-0387.2010.07327.x. PMID: 20163503
Meadow R
Lancet 1984 Jul 7;2(8393):25-8. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(84)92008-7. PMID: 6145941
Lindenbaum J
JAMA 1974 Apr 22;228(4):498. PMID: 4406214

Diagnosis

Prabhu A, Abaid B, Sarai S, Sumner R, Lippmann S
South Med J 2020 Apr;113(4):198-200. doi: 10.14423/SMJ.0000000000001079. PMID: 32239233
Abeln B, Love R
Nurs Clin North Am 2018 Sep;53(3):375-384. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2018.04.005. PMID: 30100003
Sousa Filho D, Kanomata EY, Feldman RJ, Maluf Neto A
Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2017 Oct-Dec;15(4):516-521. doi: 10.1590/S1679-45082017MD3746. PMID: 29364370Free PMC Article
Miller NR
Handb Clin Neurol 2011;102:493-513. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52903-9.00024-8. PMID: 21601078
Pasqualone GA, Fitzgerald SM
Crit Care Nurs Q 1999 May;22(1):52-64; quiz 90-1. doi: 10.1097/00002727-199905000-00007. PMID: 10646463

Therapy

Gupta MA, Gupta AK
Clin Dermatol 2019 May-Jun;37(3):268-277. Epub 2019 Jan 11 doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2019.01.006. PMID: 31178108
Sachdeva S, Bhansali P, Fletcher C, Jones A, Miller H, Mittal V
Pediatr Rev 2014 May;35(5):206-11. doi: 10.1542/pir.35-5-206. PMID: 24790074
Holstege CP, Dobmeier SG
Clin Lab Med 2006 Mar;26(1):243-53, x. doi: 10.1016/j.cll.2006.02.002. PMID: 16567234
Chua JD, Friedenberg WR
Arch Intern Med 1998 Sep 28;158(17):1929-32. doi: 10.1001/archinte.158.17.1929. PMID: 9759690
White ST, Voter K, Perry J
Child Abuse Negl 1985;9(3):349-52. doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(85)90031-6. PMID: 4052840

Prognosis

Sousa Filho D, Kanomata EY, Feldman RJ, Maluf Neto A
Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2017 Oct-Dec;15(4):516-521. doi: 10.1590/S1679-45082017MD3746. PMID: 29364370Free PMC Article
Boyd AS, Ritchie C, Likhari S
J Am Acad Dermatol 2014 Aug;71(2):376-81. Epub 2014 Mar 6 doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2013.12.028. PMID: 24613506
Chua JD, Friedenberg WR
Arch Intern Med 1998 Sep 28;158(17):1929-32. doi: 10.1001/archinte.158.17.1929. PMID: 9759690
Meadow R
Lancet 1984 Jul 7;2(8393):25-8. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(84)92008-7. PMID: 6145941
Lindenbaum J
JAMA 1974 Apr 22;228(4):498. PMID: 4406214

Clinical prediction guides

Shah R, Sehemby M, Garg R, Purandare N, Hira P, Mahajan A, Lele V, Malhotra G, Verma P, Rojekar A, Dalvi A, Uchino S, Rastogi S, Lila A, Patil V, Shah N, Bandgar T
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2022 Feb;96(2):190-199. Epub 2021 Sep 8 doi: 10.1111/cen.14586. PMID: 34498757
Glaser D
Child Abuse Negl 2020 Oct;108:104649. Epub 2020 Aug 14 doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104649. PMID: 32805620
Sousa Filho D, Kanomata EY, Feldman RJ, Maluf Neto A
Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2017 Oct-Dec;15(4):516-521. doi: 10.1590/S1679-45082017MD3746. PMID: 29364370Free PMC Article
Ellis PS
Pathology 1997 May;29(2):113-21. doi: 10.1080/00313029700169724. PMID: 9213328
Gorman WF
J Forensic Sci 1982 Apr;27(2):401-7. PMID: 7047677

Recent systematic reviews

Evans RL, Tew JC, Yates GP, Feldman M
Ann Plast Surg 2021 Apr 1;86(4):e1-e6. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000002526. PMID: 32804718
Mannarino VS, Pereira DCS, Gurgel WS, Costa CBF, Valença AM, Fontenelle LF, Mendlowicz MV
J Forensic Sci 2017 Jul;62(4):953-961. Epub 2016 Dec 16 doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.13359. PMID: 27982450
Yates GP, Feldman MD
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2016 Jul-Aug;41:20-8. Epub 2016 May 12 doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2016.05.002. PMID: 27302720
Alicandri-Ciufelli M, Moretti V, Ruberto M, Monzani D, Chiarini L, Presutti L
Laryngoscope 2012 Jan;122(1):51-7. Epub 2011 Nov 17 doi: 10.1002/lary.22373. PMID: 22095880
Kenedi CA, Shirey KG, Hoffa M, Zanga J, Lee JC, Harrison JD, Preud'homme XA
N Z Med J 2011 Sep 9;124(1342):66-81. PMID: 21963927

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