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Geniculate herpes zoster

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Facial nerve palsy due to herpes zoster infection
SNOMED CT: Ramsay Hunt syndrome 2 (21954000); Herpes zoster auricularis (21954000); Geniculate herpes zoster (21954000); Herpetic geniculate ganglionitis (21954000); Herpes zoster oticus (21954000); Herpes zoster cephalicus (21954000); HZO - Herpes zoster oticus (21954000); Geniculate herpes zoster infection (21954000); Ramsay Hunt syndrome - auricular (21954000); Postherpetic geniculate ganglionitis (21954000)
Modes of inheritance:
Not genetically inherited
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Source: Orphanet
clinical entity without genetic inheritance.
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0005769
Orphanet: ORPHA3020


A rare infectious disease characterized by herpes zoster oticus associated with peripheral facial nerve palsy, often also with other cranial nerve lesions. Patients present with a painful erythematous vesicular rash in and around one ear and facial paralysis on the same side. Other frequent manifestations include hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, nausea, vomiting, and nystagmus. [from ORDO]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVGeniculate herpes zoster

Professional guidelines


Spencer CR, Irving RM
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2016 Dec 2;77(12):686-691. doi: 10.12968/hmed.2016.77.12.686. PMID: 27937022
Uscategui T, Doree C, Chamberlain IJ, Burton MJ
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008 Jul 16;(3):CD006852. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006852.pub2. PMID: 18646170
Muecke M, Amedee RG
J La State Med Soc 1993 Aug;145(8):333-5. PMID: 8228542

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