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8q24.3 microdeletion syndrome(VRJS)

MedGen UID:
816353
Concept ID:
C3810023
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: CHROMOSOME 8q24.3 DELETION SYNDROME; Verheij syndrome
SNOMED CT: Verheij syndrome (1229895008); Deletion 8q24.3 (1229895008); Monosomy 8q24.3 (1229895008); 8q24.3 microdeletion syndrome (1229895008)
 
Gene (location): PUF60 (8q24.3)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0014263
OMIM®: 615583
Orphanet: ORPHA508488

Definition

Verheij syndrome is characterized by growth retardation, delayed psychomotor development, dysmorphic facial features, and skeletal, mainly vertebral, abnormalities. Additional variable features may include coloboma, renal defects, and cardiac defects (summary by Verheij et al., 2009 and Dauber et al., 2013). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Renal hypoplasia
MedGen UID:
120571
Concept ID:
C0266295
Congenital Abnormality
Hypoplasia of the kidney.
Renal agenesis
MedGen UID:
154237
Concept ID:
C0542519
Congenital Abnormality
Agenesis, that is, failure of the kidney to develop during embryogenesis and development.
Renal cyst
MedGen UID:
854361
Concept ID:
C3887499
Disease or Syndrome
A fluid filled sac in the kidney.
Short 5th finger
MedGen UID:
334269
Concept ID:
C1842878
Congenital Abnormality
Hypoplasia (congenital reduction in size) of the fifth finger, also known as the little finger.
Clinodactyly
MedGen UID:
1644094
Concept ID:
C4551485
Congenital Abnormality
An angulation of a digit at an interphalangeal joint in the plane of the palm (finger) or sole (toe).
Ventricular septal defect
MedGen UID:
42366
Concept ID:
C0018818
Congenital Abnormality
A hole between the two bottom chambers (ventricles) of the heart. The defect is centered around the most superior aspect of the ventricular septum.
Truncus arteriosus
MedGen UID:
22501
Concept ID:
C0041206
Embryonic Structure
A single arterial trunk arises from the cardiac mass. The pulmonary arteries, aorta and coronary arteries arise from this single trunk with no evidence of another outflow tract.
Fetal growth restriction
MedGen UID:
4693
Concept ID:
C0015934
Pathologic Function
An abnormal restriction of fetal growth with fetal weight below the tenth percentile for gestational age.
Small for gestational age
MedGen UID:
65920
Concept ID:
C0235991
Finding
Smaller than normal size according to sex and gestational age related norms, defined as a weight below the 10th percentile for the gestational age.
Short stature
MedGen UID:
87607
Concept ID:
C0349588
Finding
A height below that which is expected according to age and gender norms. Although there is no universally accepted definition of short stature, many refer to "short stature" as height more than 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender (or below the 3rd percentile for age and gender dependent norms).
Growth delay
MedGen UID:
99124
Concept ID:
C0456070
Pathologic Function
A deficiency or slowing down of growth pre- and postnatally.
Feeding difficulties
MedGen UID:
65429
Concept ID:
C0232466
Finding
Impaired ability to eat related to problems gathering food and getting ready to suck, chew, or swallow it.
Seizure
MedGen UID:
20693
Concept ID:
C0036572
Sign or Symptom
A seizure is an intermittent abnormality of nervous system physiology characterised by a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Cerebral atrophy
MedGen UID:
116012
Concept ID:
C0235946
Disease or Syndrome
Atrophy (wasting, decrease in size of cells or tissue) affecting the cerebrum.
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Hip dislocation
MedGen UID:
42455
Concept ID:
C0019554
Injury or Poisoning
Displacement of the femur from its normal location in the hip joint.
Retrognathia
MedGen UID:
19766
Concept ID:
C0035353
Congenital Abnormality
An abnormality in which the mandible is mislocalised posteriorly.
Scoliosis
MedGen UID:
11348
Concept ID:
C0036439
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
Hemivertebrae
MedGen UID:
82720
Concept ID:
C0265677
Congenital Abnormality
Absence of one half of the vertebral body.
Joint hypermobility
MedGen UID:
336793
Concept ID:
C1844820
Finding
The capability that a joint (or a group of joints) has to move, passively and/or actively, beyond normal limits along physiological axes.
Vertebral fusion
MedGen UID:
480139
Concept ID:
C3278509
Anatomical Abnormality
A developmental defect leading to the union of two adjacent vertebrae.
Microcephaly
MedGen UID:
1644158
Concept ID:
C4551563
Finding
Head circumference below 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender.
Branchial cyst
MedGen UID:
2342
Concept ID:
C0006131
Congenital Abnormality
A branchial cyst is a remnant of embryonic development resulting from a failure of obliteration of a branchial cleft and consists of a subcutaneous cystic mass. Cysts are located anterior or posterior to the ear or in the submandibular region.
Broad nasal tip
MedGen UID:
98424
Concept ID:
C0426429
Finding
Increase in width of the nasal tip.
Short neck
MedGen UID:
99267
Concept ID:
C0521525
Finding
Diminished length of the neck.
Square face
MedGen UID:
371253
Concept ID:
C1832127
Finding
Facial contours, as viewed from the front, show a broad upper face/cranium and lower face/mandible, creating a square appearance.
Prominent forehead
MedGen UID:
373291
Concept ID:
C1837260
Finding
Forward prominence of the entire forehead, due to protrusion of the frontal bone.
Narrow forehead
MedGen UID:
326956
Concept ID:
C1839758
Finding
Width of the forehead or distance between the frontotemporales is more than two standard deviations below the mean (objective); or apparently narrow intertemporal region (subjective).
Anteverted nares
MedGen UID:
326648
Concept ID:
C1840077
Finding
Anteriorly-facing nostrils viewed with the head in the Frankfurt horizontal and the eyes of the observer level with the eyes of the subject. This gives the appearance of an upturned nose (upturned nasal tip).
Wide nasal bridge
MedGen UID:
341441
Concept ID:
C1849367
Finding
Increased breadth of the nasal bridge (and with it, the nasal root).
Short nose
MedGen UID:
343052
Concept ID:
C1854114
Finding
Distance from nasion to subnasale more than two standard deviations below the mean, or alternatively, an apparently decreased length from the nasal root to the nasal tip.
Long philtrum
MedGen UID:
351278
Concept ID:
C1865014
Finding
Distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border.
Thin upper lip vermilion
MedGen UID:
355352
Concept ID:
C1865017
Finding
Height of the vermilion of the upper lip in the midline more than 2 SD below the mean. Alternatively, an apparently reduced height of the vermilion of the upper lip in the frontal view (subjective).
Full cheeks
MedGen UID:
355661
Concept ID:
C1866231
Finding
Increased prominence or roundness of soft tissues between zygomata and mandible.
Cleft palate
MedGen UID:
756015
Concept ID:
C2981150
Congenital Abnormality
Cleft palate is a developmental defect of the palate resulting from a failure of fusion of the palatine processes and manifesting as a separation of the roof of the mouth (soft and hard palate).
Congenital ocular coloboma
MedGen UID:
1046
Concept ID:
C0009363
Congenital Abnormality
Coloboma is an ocular birth defect resulting from abnormal development of the eye during embryogenesis. It is defined as a congenital defect in any ocular tissue, typically presenting as absent tissue or a gap, at a site consistent with aberrant closure of the optic fissure. Failure of fusion can lead to coloboma of one or multiple regions of the inferior portion of the eye affecting any part of the globe traversed by the fissure, from the iris to the optic nerve, including the ciliary body, retina, and choroid. Coloboma is also frequently associated with small (microphthalmic) or absent (anophthalmic) eyes as part of an interrelated spectrum of developmental eye anomalies, and can affect either one or both eyes (summary by Kelberman et al., 2014). Genetic Heterogeneity of Ocular Coloboma A recessive form of ocular coloboma (216820) is caused by mutation in the SALL2 gene (602219) on chromosome 14q11.
Optic nerve hypoplasia
MedGen UID:
137901
Concept ID:
C0338502
Disease or Syndrome
Underdevelopment of the optic nerve.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGV8q24.3 microdeletion syndrome

Recent clinical studies

Diagnosis

Kocaaga A, Yimenicioglu S, Atikel YÖ, Yavuz OÖ
Ophthalmic Genet 2023 Aug;44(4):396-400. Epub 2022 Sep 22 doi: 10.1080/13816810.2022.2121968. PMID: 36134573
Xu Q, Li CY, Wang Y, Li HP, Wu BB, Jiang YH, Xu X
BMC Med Genomics 2018 Oct 23;11(1):92. doi: 10.1186/s12920-018-0421-3. PMID: 30352594Free PMC Article
Low KJ, Ansari M, Abou Jamra R, Clarke A, El Chehadeh S, FitzPatrick DR, Greenslade M, Henderson A, Hurst J, Keller K, Kuentz P, Prescott T, Roessler F, Selmer KK, Schneider MC, Stewart F, Tatton-Brown K, Thevenon J, Vigeland MD, Vogt J, Willems M, Zonana J, Study DD, Smithson SF
Eur J Hum Genet 2017 May;25(5):552-559. Epub 2017 Mar 22 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2017.27. PMID: 28327570Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Kocaaga A, Yimenicioglu S, Atikel YÖ, Yavuz OÖ
Ophthalmic Genet 2023 Aug;44(4):396-400. Epub 2022 Sep 22 doi: 10.1080/13816810.2022.2121968. PMID: 36134573

Clinical prediction guides

Kocaaga A, Yimenicioglu S, Atikel YÖ, Yavuz OÖ
Ophthalmic Genet 2023 Aug;44(4):396-400. Epub 2022 Sep 22 doi: 10.1080/13816810.2022.2121968. PMID: 36134573
Low KJ, Ansari M, Abou Jamra R, Clarke A, El Chehadeh S, FitzPatrick DR, Greenslade M, Henderson A, Hurst J, Keller K, Kuentz P, Prescott T, Roessler F, Selmer KK, Schneider MC, Stewart F, Tatton-Brown K, Thevenon J, Vigeland MD, Vogt J, Willems M, Zonana J, Study DD, Smithson SF
Eur J Hum Genet 2017 May;25(5):552-559. Epub 2017 Mar 22 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2017.27. PMID: 28327570Free PMC Article

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