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Series GSE3253 Query DataSets for GSE3253
Status Public on Sep 12, 2005
Title Exaggerated neuroinflammation and sickness behavior in aged mice after activation of the peripheral innate immune system
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Acute cognitive impairment (i.e., delirium) is common in elderly emergency department patients and frequently results from infections that are unrelated to the central nervous system. Since
activation of the peripheral innate immune system induces brain microglia to produce inflammatory cytokines that are responsible for behavioral deficits, we investigated if aging exacerbated neuroinflammation and sickness behavior after peripheral injection of
lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Microarray analysis revealed a transcriptional profile indicating the presence of primed or activated microglia and increased inflammation in the aged brain.
Furthermore, aged mice had a unique gene expression profile in the brain after an intraperitoneal injection of LPS, and the LPS-induced elevation in the brain inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress was both exaggerated and prolonged compared with adults. Aged mice were anorectic longer and lost more weight than adults after peripheral LPS administration. Moreover, reductions in both locomotor and social behavior remained 24 h later in aged mice, when adults had fully recovered, and the exaggerated neuroinflammatory response in aged mice was not reliably paralleled by increased circulating cytokines in the periphery. Taken together, these data
establish that activation of the peripheral innate immune system leads to exacerbated neuroinflammation in the aged as compared with adult mice. This dysregulated link between the
peripheral and central innate immune system is likely to be involved in the severe behavioral deficits that frequently occur in older adults with systemic infections.
Keywords: Aging, cytokines, brain, inflammation, behavior
Overall design In this study, adult and aged mice were injected intraperitoneal with sterile saline or Escherichia coli LPS (0.33 mg/kg, ~10 µg/mouse; serotype 0127:B8, Sigma). This dosage of LPS was used because it induces a mild transient sickness behavior in young adults. Mice were killed 4 h after saline or LPS injection by CO2 asphyxiation. Blood samples were collected and brains were removed, separated in half at the longitudinal fissure, frozen in liquid nitrogen, and stored (-80°C) until assaying. Total RNA was later isolated from some brain samples for microarray analysis (n=3).
Contributor(s) Godbout JP, Chen J, Abraham J, Richwine AF, Berg BM, Kelley KK, Johnson RW
Citation(s) 15919760
Submission date Sep 06, 2005
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name Rodney W. Johnson
Phone 217-333-2118
Fax 217-333-8286
Organization name Univ of Illinois in Urbana
Department Animal Sciences
Lab Dr. Rodney Johnson's lab
Street address 1207 W. Gregory Dr.
City Urbana
State/province IL
ZIP/Postal code 61801
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (12)
GSM72507 Brain_Adult_LPSip_4hr_mouse3 (YL3_#66)
GSM73000 Brain_Aged_LPSip_4hr_mouse1 (OL1_#67)
GSM73001 Brain_Adult_Salineip_4hr_mouse3(YP3_#60)
BioProject PRJNA92903

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE3253_LPS-adult_vs_Saline-adult.xls 577.5 Kb (ftp)(http) XLS
GSE3253_LPS-aged_vs_LPS-adult.xls 353.0 Kb (ftp)(http) XLS
GSE3253_LPS-aged_vs_Saline-aged.xls 577.5 Kb (ftp)(http) XLS
GSE3253_Saline-aged_vs_Saline-adult.xls 405.5 Kb (ftp)(http) XLS

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