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Spermatogenic failure 24(SPGF24)

MedGen UID:
1646063
Concept ID:
C4693751
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 24; SPGF24
 
Gene (location): CFAP69 (7q21.13)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0054728
OMIM®: 617959

Definition

Spermatogenic failure-24 (SPGF24) is characterized by multiple morphologic abnormalities of the flagella (MMAF), including absent, short, coiled, bent, and irregular-caliber flagella. Malformations of the sperm head have also been observed. In addition, patients exhibit very low sperm concentrations and total sperm counts per ejaculate (Dong et al., 2018). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of spermatogenic failure, see SPGF1 (258150). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Reduced sperm motility
MedGen UID:
98339
Concept ID:
C0403823
Disease or Syndrome
An abnormal reduction in the mobility of ejaculated sperm.
Tapered sperm head
MedGen UID:
1635505
Concept ID:
C2208973
Finding
Sperm with cigar-shaped heads that gradually dimish in diameter (taper).
Short sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1623693
Concept ID:
C4539787
Finding
Sperm cells with abnormally short flagella.
Coiled sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1611216
Concept ID:
C4539789
Finding
Sperm cells whose flagella are twisted (coiled).
Microcephalic sperm head
MedGen UID:
1640115
Concept ID:
C4693760
Finding
Decreased size of the head of sperm.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Hull MG, Glazener CM, Kelly NJ, Conway DI, Foster PA, Hinton RA, Coulson C, Lambert PA, Watt EM, Desai KM
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 Dec 14;291(6510):1693-7. doi: 10.1136/bmj.291.6510.1693. PMID: 3935248Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Kikas T, Punab AM, Kasak L, Poolamets O, Vihljajev V, Pomm K, Reiman M, Tjagur S, Korrovits P, Punab M, Laan M
Sci Rep 2023 Jan 11;13(1):574. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-27750-w. PMID: 36631630Free PMC Article
Clark I, Brougham MFH, Spears N, Mitchell RT
Hum Reprod Update 2023 Mar 1;29(2):233-245. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmac039. PMID: 36495566Free PMC Article
Ping P, Zheng Z, Ma Y, Zou SS, Chen XF
Asian J Androl 2022 May-Jun;24(3):299-304. doi: 10.4103/aja202151. PMID: 34677147Free PMC Article
Kamiński P, Baszyński J, Jerzak I, Kavanagh BP, Nowacka-Chiari E, Polanin M, Szymański M, Woźniak A, Kozera W
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 24;21(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms21155274. PMID: 32722328Free PMC Article
Sapkota Y, Wilson CL, Zaidi AK, Moon W, Fon Tacer K, Lu L, Liu Q, Baedke J, Dhaduk R, Wang Z, Chemaitilly W, Krasin MJ, Berry FB, Zhang J, Hudson MM, Robison LL, Green DM, Yasui Y
Cancer Res 2020 Sep 1;80(17):3755-3764. Epub 2020 Jun 17 doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-0093. PMID: 32554749Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Hardy J, Pollock N, Gingrich T, Sweet P, Ramesh A, Kuong J, Basar A, Jiang H, Hwang K, Vukina J, Jaffe T, Olszewska M, Kurpisz M, Yatsenko AN
J Assist Reprod Genet 2022 Sep;39(9):2103-2114. Epub 2022 Jul 18 doi: 10.1007/s10815-022-02538-5. PMID: 35849255Free PMC Article
Wang Y, Xiang MF, Zheng N, Cao YX, Zhu FX
Asian J Androl 2022 May-Jun;24(3):231-237. doi: 10.4103/aja202198. PMID: 35074941Free PMC Article
Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Kamiński P, Baszyński J, Jerzak I, Kavanagh BP, Nowacka-Chiari E, Polanin M, Szymański M, Woźniak A, Kozera W
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 24;21(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms21155274. PMID: 32722328Free PMC Article
Sapkota Y, Wilson CL, Zaidi AK, Moon W, Fon Tacer K, Lu L, Liu Q, Baedke J, Dhaduk R, Wang Z, Chemaitilly W, Krasin MJ, Berry FB, Zhang J, Hudson MM, Robison LL, Green DM, Yasui Y
Cancer Res 2020 Sep 1;80(17):3755-3764. Epub 2020 Jun 17 doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-0093. PMID: 32554749Free PMC Article

Therapy

Achermann APP, Pereira TA, Esteves SC
Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Nov;53(11):2193-2210. Epub 2021 Aug 19 doi: 10.1007/s11255-021-02979-4. PMID: 34410586
Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Kamiński P, Baszyński J, Jerzak I, Kavanagh BP, Nowacka-Chiari E, Polanin M, Szymański M, Woźniak A, Kozera W
Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 24;21(15) doi: 10.3390/ijms21155274. PMID: 32722328Free PMC Article
Sapkota Y, Wilson CL, Zaidi AK, Moon W, Fon Tacer K, Lu L, Liu Q, Baedke J, Dhaduk R, Wang Z, Chemaitilly W, Krasin MJ, Berry FB, Zhang J, Hudson MM, Robison LL, Green DM, Yasui Y
Cancer Res 2020 Sep 1;80(17):3755-3764. Epub 2020 Jun 17 doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-0093. PMID: 32554749Free PMC Article
Yanus GA, Akhapkina TA, Whitehead AJ, Bizin IV, Iyevleva AG, Kuligina ES, Aleksakhina SN, Anisimova MO, Holmatov MM, Romanko AA, Zaitseva OA, Yatsuk OS, Zagorodnev KA, Matsneva MA, Koloskov AV, Togo AV, Suspitsin EN, Imyanitov EN
Eur J Med Genet 2019 Jul;62(7):103656. Epub 2019 Apr 24 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2019.04.013. PMID: 31028847

Prognosis

Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Sapkota Y, Wilson CL, Zaidi AK, Moon W, Fon Tacer K, Lu L, Liu Q, Baedke J, Dhaduk R, Wang Z, Chemaitilly W, Krasin MJ, Berry FB, Zhang J, Hudson MM, Robison LL, Green DM, Yasui Y
Cancer Res 2020 Sep 1;80(17):3755-3764. Epub 2020 Jun 17 doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-0093. PMID: 32554749Free PMC Article
Kim ED, Leibman BB, Grinblat DM, Lipshultz LI
J Urol 1999 Sep;162(3 Pt 1):737-40. doi: 10.1097/00005392-199909010-00031. PMID: 10458356
Hull MG, Glazener CM, Kelly NJ, Conway DI, Foster PA, Hinton RA, Coulson C, Lambert PA, Watt EM, Desai KM
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985 Dec 14;291(6510):1693-7. doi: 10.1136/bmj.291.6510.1693. PMID: 3935248Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Kikas T, Punab AM, Kasak L, Poolamets O, Vihljajev V, Pomm K, Reiman M, Tjagur S, Korrovits P, Punab M, Laan M
Sci Rep 2023 Jan 11;13(1):574. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-27750-w. PMID: 36631630Free PMC Article
Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Sapkota Y, Wilson CL, Zaidi AK, Moon W, Fon Tacer K, Lu L, Liu Q, Baedke J, Dhaduk R, Wang Z, Chemaitilly W, Krasin MJ, Berry FB, Zhang J, Hudson MM, Robison LL, Green DM, Yasui Y
Cancer Res 2020 Sep 1;80(17):3755-3764. Epub 2020 Jun 17 doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-0093. PMID: 32554749Free PMC Article
Lardone MC, Argandoña F, Lorca M, Piottante A, Flórez M, Palma C, Ebensperger M, Castro A
Mol Hum Reprod 2018 Apr 1;24(4):203-210. doi: 10.1093/molehr/gay006. PMID: 29438521
Castro-Nallar E, Bacallao K, Parada-Bustamante A, Lardone MC, López PV, Madariaga M, Valdevenito R, Piottante A, Ebensperger M, Castro A
J Androl 2010 Nov-Dec;31(6):552-9. Epub 2010 Apr 8 doi: 10.2164/jandrol.109.008821. PMID: 20378930

Recent systematic reviews

Clark I, Brougham MFH, Spears N, Mitchell RT
Hum Reprod Update 2023 Mar 1;29(2):233-245. doi: 10.1093/humupd/dmac039. PMID: 36495566Free PMC Article

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