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Spermatogenic failure 51(SPGF51)

MedGen UID:
1780365
Concept ID:
C5543033
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: SPERMATOGENIC FAILURE 51; SPGF51
 
Gene (location): CFAP91 (3q13.33)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0030926
OMIM®: 619177

Definition

Spermatogenic failure-51 (SPGF51) is characterized by male infertility due to severe asthenoteratozoospermia. Patients exhibit multiple morphologic abnormalities of the flagella (MMAF), including absent, short, bent, coiled, and irregular-caliber tails, resulting in severely reduced to absent motility. Abnormalities of the sperm head, base, and acrosome have also been observed (Martinez et al., 2020). For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of spermatogenic failure, see SPGF1 (258150). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Oligozoospermia
MedGen UID:
18162
Concept ID:
C0028960
Disease or Syndrome
Reduced count of spermatozoa in the semen, defined as a sperm count below 20 million per milliliter semen.
Reduced sperm motility
MedGen UID:
98339
Concept ID:
C0403823
Disease or Syndrome
An abnormal reduction in the mobility of ejaculated sperm.
Macrozoospermia
MedGen UID:
1393298
Concept ID:
C4476776
Finding
Increased size of the head of sperm.
Absent sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1623855
Concept ID:
C4539786
Finding
Sperm cells lacking flagella.
Short sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1623693
Concept ID:
C4539787
Finding
Sperm cells with abnormally short flagella.
Coiled sperm flagella
MedGen UID:
1611216
Concept ID:
C4539789
Finding
Sperm cells whose flagella are twisted (coiled).
Microcephalic sperm head
MedGen UID:
1640115
Concept ID:
C4693760
Finding
Decreased size of the head of sperm.
Irregularly shaped sperm tail
MedGen UID:
1687959
Concept ID:
C5233737
Finding
Irregular or changing caliber (diameter) along the tail of the sperm.
Absent sperm axoneme central pair complex
MedGen UID:
1785608
Concept ID:
C5539658
Finding
Absense of the central pair of microtubules in the sperm axoneme, thereby forming a 9+0 pattern instead of the normal 9+2 pattern.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Shulman A, Feldman B, Madgar I, Levron J, Mashiach S, Dor J
Hum Reprod 1999 Mar;14(3):749-52. doi: 10.1093/humrep/14.3.749. PMID: 10221708

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Tang D, Lv M, Gao Y, Cheng H, Li K, Xu C, Geng H, Li G, Shen Q, Wang C, He X, Cao Y
Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2021 Aug 24;19(1):129. doi: 10.1186/s12958-021-00815-z. PMID: 34429122Free PMC Article
Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Cerván-Martín M, Suazo-Sánchez MI, Rivera-Egea R, Garrido N, Luján S, Romeu G, Santos-Ribeiro S, Castilla JA, Gonzalvo MC, Clavero A, Vicente FJ, Maldonado V, Burgos M, Barrionuevo FJ, Jiménez R, Sánchez-Curbelo J, López-Rodrigo O, Peraza MF, Pereira-Caetano I, Marques PI, Carvalho F, Barros A, Bassas L, Seixas S, Gonçalves J, Larriba S, Lopes AM, Palomino-Morales RJ, Carmona FD; Lisbon Clinical Group; IVIRMA Group
Fertil Steril 2020 Aug;114(2):398-406. Epub 2020 Jul 18 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.02.115. PMID: 32690270
Liu C, Zhao X, Mu C, Li H, Ma J, Jiao H, Huo Z
Hum Hered 2019;84(3):144-150. Epub 2019 Dec 5 doi: 10.1159/000504607. PMID: 31805572
Hamamah S, Seguin F, Barthelemy C, Akoka S, Le Pape A, Lansac J, Royere D
J Reprod Fertil 1993 Jan;97(1):51-5. doi: 10.1530/jrf.0.0970051. PMID: 8464025

Diagnosis

Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Liu X, Zhang H, Zhang X, Zhang H, Jiang Y, Liu R, Fei J, Wang Y, Yu Y
J Assist Reprod Genet 2021 Apr;38(4):941-948. Epub 2021 Jan 16 doi: 10.1007/s10815-020-02031-x. PMID: 33454900Free PMC Article
Cerván-Martín M, Suazo-Sánchez MI, Rivera-Egea R, Garrido N, Luján S, Romeu G, Santos-Ribeiro S, Castilla JA, Gonzalvo MC, Clavero A, Vicente FJ, Maldonado V, Burgos M, Barrionuevo FJ, Jiménez R, Sánchez-Curbelo J, López-Rodrigo O, Peraza MF, Pereira-Caetano I, Marques PI, Carvalho F, Barros A, Bassas L, Seixas S, Gonçalves J, Larriba S, Lopes AM, Palomino-Morales RJ, Carmona FD; Lisbon Clinical Group; IVIRMA Group
Fertil Steril 2020 Aug;114(2):398-406. Epub 2020 Jul 18 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.02.115. PMID: 32690270
Ayhan Ö, Balkan M, Guven A, Hazan R, Atar M, Tok A, Tolun A
J Med Genet 2014 Apr;51(4):239-44. Epub 2014 Jan 15 doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2013-102102. PMID: 24431330
Hendin BN, Patel B, Levin HS, Thomas AJ Jr, Agarwal A
Urology 1998 May;51(5):816-9. doi: 10.1016/s0090-4295(98)00007-7. PMID: 9610597

Therapy

Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Cannarella R, Caruso M, Crafa A, Timpanaro TA, Lo Bianco M, Presti S, Condorelli RA, La Vignera S, Calogero AE
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021;12:619895. Epub 2021 Apr 2 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.619895. PMID: 33868165Free PMC Article
Cerván-Martín M, Suazo-Sánchez MI, Rivera-Egea R, Garrido N, Luján S, Romeu G, Santos-Ribeiro S, Castilla JA, Gonzalvo MC, Clavero A, Vicente FJ, Maldonado V, Burgos M, Barrionuevo FJ, Jiménez R, Sánchez-Curbelo J, López-Rodrigo O, Peraza MF, Pereira-Caetano I, Marques PI, Carvalho F, Barros A, Bassas L, Seixas S, Gonçalves J, Larriba S, Lopes AM, Palomino-Morales RJ, Carmona FD; Lisbon Clinical Group; IVIRMA Group
Fertil Steril 2020 Aug;114(2):398-406. Epub 2020 Jul 18 doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.02.115. PMID: 32690270
Lange J, Skaletsky H, van Daalen SK, Embry SL, Korver CM, Brown LG, Oates RD, Silber S, Repping S, Page DC
Cell 2009 Sep 4;138(5):855-69. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2009.07.042. PMID: 19737515Free PMC Article
de Carvalho CMB, Zuccherato LW, Fujisawa M, Shirakawa T, Ribeiro-Dos-Santos AKC, Santos SEB, Pena SDJ, Santos FR
J Hum Genet 2006;51(9):794-799. Epub 2006 Aug 10 doi: 10.1007/s10038-006-0024-2. PMID: 16900294

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