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Alopecia areata

MedGen UID:
213
Concept ID:
C0002171
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Alopecia Areata; Alopecia Circumscripta
SNOMED CT: Alopecia areata (68225006); Alopecia circumscripta (68225006); Patchy loss of hair (68225006); Circumscribed alopecia (68225006); AA - Alopecia areata (68225006)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0005340

Definition

Loss of scalp and body hair involving microscopically inflammatory patchy areas. [from MONDO]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Barton VR, Toussi A, Awasthi S, Kiuru M
J Am Acad Dermatol 2022 Jun;86(6):1318-1334. Epub 2021 Apr 30 doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.04.077. PMID: 33940103Free PMC Article
Zhou C, Li X, Wang C, Zhang J
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2021 Dec;61(3):403-423. Epub 2021 Aug 17 doi: 10.1007/s12016-021-08883-0. PMID: 34403083
Randolph M, Tosti A
J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 Mar;84(3):737-746. Epub 2020 Jul 2 doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2020.06.1009. PMID: 32622136

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Barton VR, Toussi A, Awasthi S, Kiuru M
J Am Acad Dermatol 2022 Jun;86(6):1318-1334. Epub 2021 Apr 30 doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.04.077. PMID: 33940103Free PMC Article
Zhou C, Li X, Wang C, Zhang J
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2021 Dec;61(3):403-423. Epub 2021 Aug 17 doi: 10.1007/s12016-021-08883-0. PMID: 34403083
Afford R, Leung AKC, Lam JM
Curr Pediatr Rev 2021;17(1):45-54. doi: 10.2174/1573396316666200430084825. PMID: 32351186
Simakou T, Butcher JP, Reid S, Henriquez FL
J Autoimmun 2019 Mar;98:74-85. Epub 2018 Dec 15 doi: 10.1016/j.jaut.2018.12.001. PMID: 30558963
Strazzulla LC, Wang EHC, Avila L, Lo Sicco K, Brinster N, Christiano AM, Shapiro J
J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Jan;78(1):1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2017.04.1141. PMID: 29241771

Diagnosis

Gómez-Quispe H, Muñoz Moreno-Arrones O, Hermosa-Gelbard Á, Vañó-Galván S, Saceda-Corralo D
Actas Dermosifiliogr 2023 Jan;114(1):25-32. Epub 2022 Sep 5 doi: 10.1016/j.ad.2022.08.018. PMID: 36067826
Zhou C, Li X, Wang C, Zhang J
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2021 Dec;61(3):403-423. Epub 2021 Aug 17 doi: 10.1007/s12016-021-08883-0. PMID: 34403083
Sterkens A, Lambert J, Bervoets A
Clin Exp Med 2021 May;21(2):215-230. Epub 2021 Jan 1 doi: 10.1007/s10238-020-00673-w. PMID: 33386567
Juárez-Rendón KJ, Rivera Sánchez G, Reyes-López MÁ, García-Ortiz JE, Bocanegra-García V, Guardiola-Avila I, Altamirano-García ML
Arch Argent Pediatr 2017 Dec 1;115(6):e404-e411. doi: 10.5546/aap.2017.eng.e404. PMID: 29087123
Pratt CH, King LE Jr, Messenger AG, Christiano AM, Sundberg JP
Nat Rev Dis Primers 2017 Mar 16;3:17011. doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2017.11. PMID: 28300084Free PMC Article

Therapy

Dahabreh D, Jung S, Renert-Yuval Y, Bar J, Del Duca E, Guttman-Yassky E
Am J Clin Dermatol 2023 Nov;24(6):895-912. Epub 2023 Aug 22 doi: 10.1007/s40257-023-00808-1. PMID: 37606849
King B, Zhang X, Harcha WG, Szepietowski JC, Shapiro J, Lynde C, Mesinkovska NA, Zwillich SH, Napatalung L, Wajsbrot D, Fayyad R, Freyman A, Mitra D, Purohit V, Sinclair R, Wolk R
Lancet 2023 May 6;401(10387):1518-1529. Epub 2023 Apr 14 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)00222-2. PMID: 37062298
King B, Ohyama M, Kwon O, Zlotogorski A, Ko J, Mesinkovska NA, Hordinsky M, Dutronc Y, Wu WS, McCollam J, Chiasserini C, Yu G, Stanley S, Holzwarth K, DeLozier AM, Sinclair R; BRAVE-AA Investigators
N Engl J Med 2022 May 5;386(18):1687-1699. Epub 2022 Mar 26 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2110343. PMID: 35334197
Barton VR, Toussi A, Awasthi S, Kiuru M
J Am Acad Dermatol 2022 Jun;86(6):1318-1334. Epub 2021 Apr 30 doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.04.077. PMID: 33940103Free PMC Article
Afford R, Leung AKC, Lam JM
Curr Pediatr Rev 2021;17(1):45-54. doi: 10.2174/1573396316666200430084825. PMID: 32351186

Prognosis

Sterkens A, Lambert J, Bervoets A
Clin Exp Med 2021 May;21(2):215-230. Epub 2021 Jan 1 doi: 10.1007/s10238-020-00673-w. PMID: 33386567
Alessandrini A, Bruni F, Piraccini BM, Starace M
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Mar;35(3):629-640. Epub 2021 Jan 8 doi: 10.1111/jdv.17079. PMID: 33290611
Afford R, Leung AKC, Lam JM
Curr Pediatr Rev 2021;17(1):45-54. doi: 10.2174/1573396316666200430084825. PMID: 32351186
Strazzulla LC, Wang EHC, Avila L, Lo Sicco K, Brinster N, Christiano AM, Shapiro J
J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Jan;78(1):1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2017.04.1141. PMID: 29241771
Juárez-Rendón KJ, Rivera Sánchez G, Reyes-López MÁ, García-Ortiz JE, Bocanegra-García V, Guardiola-Avila I, Altamirano-García ML
Arch Argent Pediatr 2017 Dec 1;115(6):e404-e411. doi: 10.5546/aap.2017.eng.e404. PMID: 29087123

Clinical prediction guides

King B, Zhang X, Harcha WG, Szepietowski JC, Shapiro J, Lynde C, Mesinkovska NA, Zwillich SH, Napatalung L, Wajsbrot D, Fayyad R, Freyman A, Mitra D, Purohit V, Sinclair R, Wolk R
Lancet 2023 May 6;401(10387):1518-1529. Epub 2023 Apr 14 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)00222-2. PMID: 37062298
Gómez-Quispe H, Muñoz Moreno-Arrones O, Hermosa-Gelbard Á, Vañó-Galván S, Saceda-Corralo D
Actas Dermosifiliogr 2023 Jan;114(1):25-32. Epub 2022 Sep 5 doi: 10.1016/j.ad.2022.08.018. PMID: 36067826
King B, Ohyama M, Kwon O, Zlotogorski A, Ko J, Mesinkovska NA, Hordinsky M, Dutronc Y, Wu WS, McCollam J, Chiasserini C, Yu G, Stanley S, Holzwarth K, DeLozier AM, Sinclair R; BRAVE-AA Investigators
N Engl J Med 2022 May 5;386(18):1687-1699. Epub 2022 Mar 26 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2110343. PMID: 35334197
Afford R, Leung AKC, Lam JM
Curr Pediatr Rev 2021;17(1):45-54. doi: 10.2174/1573396316666200430084825. PMID: 32351186
Strazzulla LC, Wang EHC, Avila L, Lo Sicco K, Brinster N, Christiano AM, Shapiro J
J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Jan;78(1):1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2017.04.1141. PMID: 29241771

Recent systematic reviews

Olbrich H, Sadik CD, Ludwig RJ, Thaçi D, Boch K
Biomolecules 2023 Mar 31;13(4) doi: 10.3390/biom13040634. PMID: 37189381Free PMC Article
Cruciani M, Masiello F, Pati I, Marano G, Pupella S, De Angelis V
Blood Transfus 2023 Jan;21(1):24-36. Epub 2021 Nov 15 doi: 10.2450/2021.0216-21. PMID: 34967722Free PMC Article
Barton VR, Toussi A, Awasthi S, Kiuru M
J Am Acad Dermatol 2022 Jun;86(6):1318-1334. Epub 2021 Apr 30 doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.04.077. PMID: 33940103Free PMC Article
Fukumoto T, Fukumoto R, Magno E, Oka M, Nishigori C, Horita N
Dermatol Ther 2021 May;34(3):e14916. Epub 2021 Mar 4 doi: 10.1111/dth.14916. PMID: 33631058
Waśkiel-Burnat A, Kołodziejak M, Sikora M, Stochmal A, Rakowska A, Olszewska M, Rudnicka L
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Jun;35(6):1299-1308. doi: 10.1111/jdv.17187. PMID: 33630354

Supplemental Content

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    Clinical resources

    Practice guidelines

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