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Air embolism

MedGen UID:
41749
Concept ID:
C0013926
Pathologic Function
Synonyms: Air Embolism; Air Embolisms; Embolism, Air; Embolism, Gas; Embolisms, Air; Embolisms, Gas; Gas Embolism; Gas Embolisms
SNOMED CT: Air embolism (271376002); Air embolus (36207003)

Definition

The presence of bubbles of air in the vascular system; occurrence is related to the entry of air into the venous circulation following trauma or surgery. [from NCI]

Term Hierarchy

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Malik N, Claus PL, Illman JE, Kligerman SJ, Moynagh MR, Levin DL, Woodrum DA, Arani A, Arunachalam SP, Araoz PA
Future Cardiol 2017 Jul;13(4):365-378. Epub 2017 Jun 23 doi: 10.2217/fca-2017-0015. PMID: 28644058
Saha M, Allon M
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2017 Feb 7;12(2):357-369. Epub 2016 Nov 9 doi: 10.2215/CJN.05260516. PMID: 27831511Free PMC Article
Mirski MA, Lele AV, Fitzsimmons L, Toung TJ
Anesthesiology 2007 Jan;106(1):164-77. doi: 10.1097/00000542-200701000-00026. PMID: 17197859

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Orihashi K, Miyata T
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2024 Jul;72(7):429-438. Epub 2024 May 15 doi: 10.1007/s11748-024-02041-x. PMID: 38750269
Attard TM, Grima AM, Thomson M
Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2018 Sep 1;20(10):48. doi: 10.1007/s11894-018-0646-5. PMID: 30173321
Vann RD, Butler FK, Mitchell SJ, Moon RE
Lancet 2011 Jan 8;377(9760):153-64. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61085-9. PMID: 21215883
Mirski MA, Lele AV, Fitzsimmons L, Toung TJ
Anesthesiology 2007 Jan;106(1):164-77. doi: 10.1097/00000542-200701000-00026. PMID: 17197859
DeGorordo A, Vallejo-Manzur F, Chanin K, Varon J
Resuscitation 2003 Nov;59(2):171-80. doi: 10.1016/s0300-9572(03)00236-3. PMID: 14625107

Diagnosis

Marsh PL, Moore EE, Moore HB, Bunch CM, Aboukhaled M, Condon SM 2nd, Al-Fadhl MD, Thomas SJ, Larson JR, Bower CW, Miller CB, Pearson ML, Twilling CL, Reser DW, Kim GS, Troyer BM, Yeager D, Thomas SG, Srikureja DP, Patel SS, Añón SL, Thomas AV, Miller JB, Van Ryn DE, Pamulapati SV, Zimmerman D, Wells B, Martin PL, Seder CW, Aversa JG, Greene RB, March RJ, Kwaan HC, Fulkerson DH, Vande Lune SA, Mollnes TE, Nielsen EW, Storm BS, Walsh MM
Front Immunol 2023;14:1230049. Epub 2023 Sep 19 doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2023.1230049. PMID: 37795086Free PMC Article
Malik N, Claus PL, Illman JE, Kligerman SJ, Moynagh MR, Levin DL, Woodrum DA, Arani A, Arunachalam SP, Araoz PA
Future Cardiol 2017 Jul;13(4):365-378. Epub 2017 Jun 23 doi: 10.2217/fca-2017-0015. PMID: 28644058
Saha M, Allon M
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2017 Feb 7;12(2):357-369. Epub 2016 Nov 9 doi: 10.2215/CJN.05260516. PMID: 27831511Free PMC Article
Mirski MA, Lele AV, Fitzsimmons L, Toung TJ
Anesthesiology 2007 Jan;106(1):164-77. doi: 10.1097/00000542-200701000-00026. PMID: 17197859
Muth CM, Shank ES
N Engl J Med 2000 Feb 17;342(7):476-82. doi: 10.1056/NEJM200002173420706. PMID: 10675429

Therapy

Luo W, Jin D, Huang J, Zhang J, Xu Y, Gu J, Sun C, Yu J, Xu P, Liu L, Zhang Z, Guo C, Liu H, Miao C, Zhong J
Ann Surg 2024 Apr 1;279(4):588-597. Epub 2023 Oct 17 doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000006130. PMID: 38456278Free PMC Article
Malik N, Claus PL, Illman JE, Kligerman SJ, Moynagh MR, Levin DL, Woodrum DA, Arani A, Arunachalam SP, Araoz PA
Future Cardiol 2017 Jul;13(4):365-378. Epub 2017 Jun 23 doi: 10.2217/fca-2017-0015. PMID: 28644058
Johagen D, Svenmarker S
Perfusion 2016 Sep;31(6):446-57. Epub 2015 Nov 24 doi: 10.1177/0267659115616179. PMID: 26607840
Coleridge Smith P
Phlebology 2009 Dec;24(6):260-9. doi: 10.1258/phleb.2009.009050. PMID: 19952382
Eckmann DM
Expert Opin Investig Drugs 2009 Dec;18(12):1919-27. doi: 10.1517/13543780903376163. PMID: 19912070Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Risberg J
Undersea Hyperb Med 2021 Second Quarter;48(2):127-147. doi: 10.22462/03.04.2021.3. PMID: 33975403
Cui M, Lu X
N Engl J Med 2018 Nov 22;379(21):e37. doi: 10.1056/NEJMicm1806082. PMID: 30462931
Edmonds C, Caruso J
Diving Hyperb Med 2014 Jun;44(2):91-6. PMID: 24986727
Johns T
J Clin Nurs 1996 Jan;5(1):3-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.1996.tb00220.x. PMID: 8696589
Rushton DI, Dawson IM
J Clin Pathol 1982 Sep;35(9):909-21. doi: 10.1136/jcp.35.9.909. PMID: 7119126Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Fuentes S, Grande-Moreillo C, Margarit-Mallol J, Flores-Villar S, Solé-Heuberger E, Jaen-Manzanera A
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2023 Oct;33(10):1011-1017. Epub 2023 May 29 doi: 10.1089/lap.2023.0101. PMID: 37253132
Ho VT, Adkar SS, Harris EJ Jr
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Jul;10(4):955-964.e5. Epub 2022 Feb 22 doi: 10.1016/j.jvsv.2021.12.088. PMID: 35217217
Whayne TF
Curr Vasc Pharmacol 2018;16(4):344-354. doi: 10.2174/1570161115666170621084316. PMID: 28676021
Mahon RT, Regis DP
Compr Physiol 2014 Jul;4(3):1157-75. doi: 10.1002/cphy.c130039. PMID: 24944033
Ball PA
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2003 May;6(3):319-25. doi: 10.1097/01.mco.0000068969.34812.5d. PMID: 12690266

Recent systematic reviews

Ho VT, Adkar SS, Harris EJ Jr
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Jul;10(4):955-964.e5. Epub 2022 Feb 22 doi: 10.1016/j.jvsv.2021.12.088. PMID: 35217217
Risberg J
Undersea Hyperb Med 2021 Second Quarter;48(2):127-147. doi: 10.22462/03.04.2021.3. PMID: 33975403
Hatling D, Høgset A, Guttormsen AB, Müller B
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2019 Feb;63(2):154-160. Epub 2018 Sep 10 doi: 10.1111/aas.13260. PMID: 30203491
Mathieu D, Marroni A, Kot J
Diving Hyperb Med 2017 Mar;47(1):24-32. doi: 10.28920/dhm47.1.24-32. PMID: 28357821Free PMC Article
Pinho J, Amorim JM, Araújo JM, Vilaça H, Ribeiro M, Pereira J, Ferreira C
J Neurol Sci 2016 Mar 15;362:160-4. Epub 2016 Jan 22 doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2016.01.043. PMID: 26944140

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