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Embolism

MedGen UID:
4916
Concept ID:
C0013922
Pathologic Function
Synonym: Embolisms
SNOMED CT: Embolism (414086009)

Definition

The blockage of a blood vessel lumen by air or solid material such as blood clot or other tissues (e.g., adipose tissue, cancer cells) that have migrated from another anatomic site. [from NCI]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Bonkemeyer Millan S, Gan R, Townsend PE
Am Fam Physician 2019 Sep 1;100(5):298-305. PMID: 31478635
Jany B, Welte T
Dtsch Arztebl Int 2019 May 24;116(21):377-386. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2019.0377. PMID: 31315808Free PMC Article
Kearon C, Akl EA, Comerota AJ, Prandoni P, Bounameaux H, Goldhaber SZ, Nelson ME, Wells PS, Gould MK, Dentali F, Crowther M, Kahn SR
Chest 2012 Feb;141(2 Suppl):e419S-e496S. doi: 10.1378/chest.11-2301. PMID: 22315268Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Coggins AS, Gomez E, Sheffield JS
Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 2022 Sep;49(3):439-460. doi: 10.1016/j.ogc.2022.02.015. PMID: 36122978
Trott T, Bowman J
Emerg Med Clin North Am 2022 Aug;40(3):565-581. Epub 2022 Jul 8 doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2022.05.008. PMID: 35953217
Lubetsky A
Isr Med Assoc J 2022 Mar;24(3):179-182. PMID: 35347932
Howard L
Clin Med (Lond) 2019 May;19(3):243-247. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.19-3-247. PMID: 31092519Free PMC Article
Doherty S
Aust Fam Physician 2017 Nov;46(11):816-820. PMID: 29101916

Diagnosis

Mattu A
Emerg Med Clin North Am 2022 Aug;40(3):xiii-xiv. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2022.06.002. PMID: 35953221
Howard L
Clin Med (Lond) 2019 May;19(3):243-247. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.19-3-247. PMID: 31092519Free PMC Article
Fukumoto LE, Fukumoto KD
Nurs Clin North Am 2018 Sep;53(3):335-347. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2018.04.003. PMID: 30100000
Kline JA
Thromb Res 2018 Mar;163:207-220. Epub 2017 Jun 7 doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2017.06.002. PMID: 28683951
Doherty S
Aust Fam Physician 2017 Nov;46(11):816-820. PMID: 29101916

Therapy

Carnicelli AP, Hong H, Connolly SJ, Eikelboom J, Giugliano RP, Morrow DA, Patel MR, Wallentin L, Alexander JH, Cecilia Bahit M, Benz AP, Bohula EA, Chao TF, Dyal L, Ezekowitz M, A A Fox K, Gencer B, Halperin JL, Hijazi Z, Hohnloser SH, Hua K, Hylek E, Toda Kato E, Kuder J, Lopes RD, Mahaffey KW, Oldgren J, Piccini JP, Ruff CT, Steffel J, Wojdyla D, Granger CB; COMBINE AF (A Collaboration Between Multiple Institutions to Better Investigate Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Use in Atrial Fibrillation) Investigators
Circulation 2022 Jan 25;145(4):242-255. Epub 2022 Jan 5 doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.056355. PMID: 34985309Free PMC Article
Fernando SM, Tran A, Cheng W, Sadeghirad B, Arabi YM, Cook DJ, Møller MH, Mehta S, Fowler RA, Burns KEA, Wells PS, Carrier M, Crowther MA, Scales DC, English SW, Kyeremanteng K, Kanji S, Kho ME, Rochwerg B
Chest 2022 Feb;161(2):418-428. Epub 2021 Aug 19 doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.08.050. PMID: 34419428
Ntaios G
J Am Coll Cardiol 2020 Jan 28;75(3):333-340. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.11.024. PMID: 31976872
Mojadidi MK, Zaman MO, Elgendy IY, Mahmoud AN, Patel NK, Agarwal N, Tobis JM, Meier B
J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Mar 6;71(9):1035-1043. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2017.12.059. PMID: 29495983
Kahn SR, Shrier I, Kearon C
Thromb Res 2008;122(6):763-73. Epub 2007 Dec 21 doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2007.10.011. PMID: 18078981

Prognosis

Poor HD
Chest 2021 Oct;160(4):1471-1480. Epub 2021 Jun 19 doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.06.016. PMID: 34153340Free PMC Article
Elgendy IY, Gad MM, Mansoor H, Mahmoud AN, Elbadawi A, Saad A, Saad M, Elkaryoni A, Secemsky EA, Mamas MA, Monreal M, Weinberg I, Pepine CJ
Mayo Clin Proc 2021 Aug;96(8):2102-2113. Epub 2021 Jun 15 doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2021.01.015. PMID: 34144802
Sharifi M, Bay C, Skrocki L, Rahimi F, Mehdipour M; “MOPETT” Investigators
Am J Cardiol 2013 Jan 15;111(2):273-7. Epub 2012 Oct 24 doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.09.027. PMID: 23102885
Herregods MC
Verh K Acad Geneeskd Belg 2011;73(3-4):153-61. PMID: 22482194
Berman AR
Clin Geriatr Med 2001 Feb;17(1):107-30. doi: 10.1016/s0749-0690(05)70109-9. PMID: 11270125

Clinical prediction guides

Fitzsimmons J, Hart L, Oliver E, Mulla W
Am J Perinatol 2024 May;41(S 01):e2307-e2312. Epub 2023 Jun 19 doi: 10.1055/a-2112-8049. PMID: 37336499
Khandhar SJ, Mehta M, Cilia L, Palevsky H, Matthai W, Rivera-Lebron B, Toma C
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2020 Jan;95(1):13-18. Epub 2019 Sep 9 doi: 10.1002/ccd.28491. PMID: 31498965
Moser KA
J Appl Lab Med 2019 Mar;3(5):756-759. Epub 2018 Dec 7 doi: 10.1373/jalm.2018.027847. PMID: 31639750
Carrier M, Righini M, Le Gal G
J Thromb Haemost 2012 Aug;10(8):1486-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04804.x. PMID: 22672341
Golec DB
Clin Lab Sci 2001 Fall;14(4):269-71. PMID: 11760826

Recent systematic reviews

Hillegass E, Lukaszewicz K, Puthoff M
Phys Ther 2022 Aug 4;102(8) doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzac057. PMID: 35567347
Zuo Z, Yue J, Dong BR, Wu T, Liu GJ, Hao Q
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Apr 15;4(4):CD004437. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD004437.pub6. PMID: 33857326Free PMC Article
Fields JM, Davis J, Girson L, Au A, Potts J, Morgan CJ, Vetter I, Riesenberg LA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2017 Jul;30(7):714-723.e4. Epub 2017 May 9 doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2017.03.004. PMID: 28495379
Marti C, John G, Konstantinides S, Combescure C, Sanchez O, Lankeit M, Meyer G, Perrier A
Eur Heart J 2015 Mar 7;36(10):605-14. Epub 2014 Jun 10 doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehu218. PMID: 24917641Free PMC Article
McManus RJ, Fitzmaurice DA, Murray E, Taylor C
BMJ Clin Evid 2011 Mar 8;2011 PMID: 21385473Free PMC Article

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