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Hereditary spastic paraplegia 37(SPG37)

MedGen UID:
422458
Concept ID:
C2936880
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: Spastic paraplegia 37, autosomal dominant
SNOMED CT: Autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia type 37 (763369007)
Modes of inheritance:
Autosomal dominant inheritance
MedGen UID:
141047
Concept ID:
C0443147
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in heterozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, an autosomal dominant disorder is caused when a single copy of the mutant allele is present. Males and females are affected equally, and can both transmit the disorder with a risk of 50% for each child of inheriting the mutant allele.
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0012766
OMIM®: 611945
Orphanet: ORPHA171612

Definition

A pure form of hereditary spastic paraplegia with a childhood to adulthood-onset of slowly progressive spastic gait, extensor plantar responses, brisk tendon reflexes in arms and legs, decreased vibration sense at ankles and urinary dysfunction. Ankle clonus is also reported in some patients. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

Clinical features

From HPO
Urinary incontinence
MedGen UID:
22579
Concept ID:
C0042024
Finding
Loss of the ability to control the urinary bladder leading to involuntary urination.
Urinary urgency
MedGen UID:
39315
Concept ID:
C0085606
Finding
Urge incontinence is the strong, sudden need to urinate.
Ankle clonus
MedGen UID:
68672
Concept ID:
C0238651
Finding
Clonus is an involuntary tendon reflex that causes repeated flexion and extension of the foot. Ankle clonus is tested by rapidly flexing the foot upward.
Babinski sign
MedGen UID:
19708
Concept ID:
C0034935
Finding
Upturning of the big toe (and sometimes fanning of the other toes) in response to stimulation of the sole of the foot. If the Babinski sign is present it can indicate damage to the corticospinal tract.
Spastic paraplegia
MedGen UID:
20882
Concept ID:
C0037772
Disease or Syndrome
Spasticity and weakness of the leg and hip muscles.
Spastic gait
MedGen UID:
115907
Concept ID:
C0231687
Finding
Spasticity is manifested by increased stretch reflex which is intensified with movement velocity. This results in excessive and inappropriate muscle activation which can contribute to muscle hypertonia. Spastic gait is characterized by manifestations such as muscle hypertonia, stiff knee, and circumduction of the leg.
Lower limb spasticity
MedGen UID:
220865
Concept ID:
C1271100
Finding
Spasticity (velocity-dependent increase in tonic stretch reflexes with increased muscle tone and hyperexcitable tendon reflexes) in the muscles of the lower limbs, hips, and pelvis
Upper limb spasticity
MedGen UID:
220882
Concept ID:
C1273957
Finding
Lower limb hyperreflexia
MedGen UID:
322973
Concept ID:
C1836696
Finding
Hyperreflexia in upper limbs
MedGen UID:
375112
Concept ID:
C1843175
Finding
Impaired vibration sensation in the lower limbs
MedGen UID:
338617
Concept ID:
C1849134
Finding
A decrease in the ability to perceive vibration in the legs.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVHereditary spastic paraplegia 37
Follow this link to review classifications for Hereditary spastic paraplegia 37 in Orphanet.

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

van de Venis L, van de Warrenburg B, Weerdesteyn V, Geurts ACH, Nonnekes J
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2023 Jan;37(1):27-36. Epub 2023 Jan 25 doi: 10.1177/15459683221147839. PMID: 36695288Free PMC Article
Fereshtehnejad SM, Saleh PA, Oliveira LM, Patel N, Bhowmick S, Saranza G, Kalia LV
Neurol Sci 2023 Mar;44(3):947-959. Epub 2022 Nov 28 doi: 10.1007/s10072-022-06516-8. PMID: 36441344Free PMC Article
Van de Vondel L, De Winter J, Beijer D, Coarelli G, Wayand M, Palvadeau R, Pauly MG, Klein K, Rautenberg M, Guillot-Noël L, Deconinck T, Vural A, Ertan S, Dogu O, Uysal H, Brankovic V, Herzog R, Brice A, Durr A, Klebe S, Stock F, Bischoff AT, Rattay TW, Sobrido MJ, De Michele G, De Jonghe P, Klopstock T, Lohmann K, Zanni G, Santorelli FM, Timmerman V, Haack TB, Züchner S; PREPARE Consortium, Schüle R, Stevanin G, Synofzik M, Basak AN, Baets J
Mov Disord 2022 Jun;37(6):1175-1186. Epub 2022 Feb 12 doi: 10.1002/mds.28959. PMID: 35150594Free PMC Article
Servelhere KR, Casseb RF, de Lima FD, Rezende TJR, Ramalho LP, França MC Jr
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2021 Mar;42(3):610-615. Epub 2021 Jan 21 doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A7017. PMID: 33478946Free PMC Article
Cui F, Sun L, Qiao J, Xiong J, Zhao Y, Li J, Li M, Chen S, Huang X
Neurol Res 2018 Dec;40(12):1088-1093. doi: 10.1080/01616412.2018.1522412. PMID: 30352018

Diagnosis

Fereshtehnejad SM, Saleh PA, Oliveira LM, Patel N, Bhowmick S, Saranza G, Kalia LV
Neurol Sci 2023 Mar;44(3):947-959. Epub 2022 Nov 28 doi: 10.1007/s10072-022-06516-8. PMID: 36441344Free PMC Article
Mo A, Saffari A, Kellner M, Döbler-Neumann M, Jordan C, Srivastava S, Zhang B, Sahin M, Fink JK, Smith L, Posey JE, Alter KE, Toro C, Blackstone C, Soldatos AG, Christie M, Schüle R, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D
Mov Disord 2022 Dec;37(12):2440-2446. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1002/mds.29225. PMID: 36103453Free PMC Article
Laßmann C, Ilg W, Schneider M, Völker M, Haeufle DFB, Schüle R, Giese M, Synofzik M, Schöls L, Rattay TW
Mov Disord 2022 Dec;37(12):2417-2426. Epub 2022 Aug 29 doi: 10.1002/mds.29199. PMID: 36054444
Ardolino G, Bocci T, Nigro M, Vergari M, Di Fonzo A, Bonato S, Cogiamanian F, Cortese F, Cova I, Barbieri S, Priori A
J Spinal Cord Med 2021 Jan;44(1):46-53. Epub 2018 Dec 3 doi: 10.1080/10790268.2018.1543926. PMID: 30508408Free PMC Article
Cui F, Sun L, Qiao J, Xiong J, Zhao Y, Li J, Li M, Chen S, Huang X
Neurol Res 2018 Dec;40(12):1088-1093. doi: 10.1080/01616412.2018.1522412. PMID: 30352018

Therapy

van de Venis L, van de Warrenburg B, Weerdesteyn V, Geurts ACH, Nonnekes J
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2023 Jan;37(1):27-36. Epub 2023 Jan 25 doi: 10.1177/15459683221147839. PMID: 36695288Free PMC Article
van de Venis L, van de Warrenburg BPC, Weerdesteyn V, van Lith BJH, Geurts ACH, Nonnekes J
Trials 2021 Jan 7;22(1):32. doi: 10.1186/s13063-020-04932-9. PMID: 33413555Free PMC Article
Ardolino G, Bocci T, Nigro M, Vergari M, Di Fonzo A, Bonato S, Cogiamanian F, Cortese F, Cova I, Barbieri S, Priori A
J Spinal Cord Med 2021 Jan;44(1):46-53. Epub 2018 Dec 3 doi: 10.1080/10790268.2018.1543926. PMID: 30508408Free PMC Article
Dai D, Mills PB, Footitt E, Gissen P, McClean P, Stahlschmidt J, Coupry I, Lavie J, Mochel F, Goizet C, Mizuochi T, Kimura A, Nittono H, Schwarz K, Crick PJ, Wang Y, Griffiths WJ, Clayton PT
J Inherit Metab Dis 2014 Sep;37(5):851-61. doi: 10.1007/s10545-014-9695-6. PMID: 24658845
Broggi G, Servello D, Brock S, Dones I
J Neurosurg Sci 1993 Dec;37(4):203-8. PMID: 7931643

Prognosis

Cordts I, Semmler L, Prasuhn J, Seibt A, Herebian D, Navaratnarajah T, Park J, Deininger N, Laugwitz L, Göricke SL, Lingor P, Brüggemann N, Münchau A, Synofzik M, Timmann D, Mayr JA, Haack TB, Distelmaier F, Deschauer M
Mov Disord 2022 Oct;37(10):2147-2153. Epub 2022 Sep 1 doi: 10.1002/mds.29167. PMID: 36047608
Chen X, Liu J, Wei QQ, Ou RW, Cao B, Yuan X, Hou Y, Zhang L, Shang H
BMC Neurol 2020 Jan 3;20(1):2. doi: 10.1186/s12883-019-1593-y. PMID: 31900114Free PMC Article
Haynes KB, Wimberly RL, VanPelt JM, Jo CH, Riccio AI, Delgado MR
J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Mar;38(3):152-156. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001115. PMID: 29309384
Blauw HM, van Rheenen W, Koppers M, Van Damme P, Waibel S, Lemmens R, van Vught PW, Meyer T, Schulte C, Gasser T, Cuppen E, Pasterkamp RJ, Robberecht W, Ludolph AC, Veldink JH, van den Berg LH
Hum Mol Genet 2012 Jun 1;21(11):2497-502. Epub 2012 Feb 28 doi: 10.1093/hmg/dds064. PMID: 22378146
Olmez A, Uyanik G, Ozgül RK, Gross C, Cirak S, Elibol B, Anlar B, Winner B, Hehr U, Topaloglu H, Winkler J
Neuropediatrics 2006 Apr;37(2):59-66. doi: 10.1055/s-2006-923982. PMID: 16773502

Clinical prediction guides

Mo A, Saffari A, Kellner M, Döbler-Neumann M, Jordan C, Srivastava S, Zhang B, Sahin M, Fink JK, Smith L, Posey JE, Alter KE, Toro C, Blackstone C, Soldatos AG, Christie M, Schüle R, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D
Mov Disord 2022 Dec;37(12):2440-2446. Epub 2022 Sep 14 doi: 10.1002/mds.29225. PMID: 36103453Free PMC Article
Laßmann C, Ilg W, Schneider M, Völker M, Haeufle DFB, Schüle R, Giese M, Synofzik M, Schöls L, Rattay TW
Mov Disord 2022 Dec;37(12):2417-2426. Epub 2022 Aug 29 doi: 10.1002/mds.29199. PMID: 36054444
Servelhere KR, Casseb RF, de Lima FD, Rezende TJR, Ramalho LP, França MC Jr
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2021 Mar;42(3):610-615. Epub 2021 Jan 21 doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A7017. PMID: 33478946Free PMC Article
Lohkamp LN, Coulter I, Ibrahim GM
Childs Nerv Syst 2020 Jul;36(7):1357-1365. Epub 2020 Apr 16 doi: 10.1007/s00381-020-04601-x. PMID: 32300873
Cui F, Sun L, Qiao J, Xiong J, Zhao Y, Li J, Li M, Chen S, Huang X
Neurol Res 2018 Dec;40(12):1088-1093. doi: 10.1080/01616412.2018.1522412. PMID: 30352018

Recent systematic reviews

Fereshtehnejad SM, Saleh PA, Oliveira LM, Patel N, Bhowmick S, Saranza G, Kalia LV
Neurol Sci 2023 Mar;44(3):947-959. Epub 2022 Nov 28 doi: 10.1007/s10072-022-06516-8. PMID: 36441344Free PMC Article
Lohkamp LN, Coulter I, Ibrahim GM
Childs Nerv Syst 2020 Jul;36(7):1357-1365. Epub 2020 Apr 16 doi: 10.1007/s00381-020-04601-x. PMID: 32300873

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