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Multiple personality disorder

MedGen UID:
44520
Concept ID:
C0026773
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Synonyms: Disorder, Dissociative Identity; Disorder, Multiple Identity; Disorder, Multiple Personality; Dissociative Identity Disorder; Identity Disorder, Dissociative; Identity Disorder, Multiple; Multiple Identity Disorder; Multiple Identity Disorders; Multiple Personalities; Multiple Personality; Multiple Personality Disorder; Multiple Personality Disorders; Personalities, Multiple; Personality Disorder, Multiple; Personality Disorders, Multiple; Personality, Multiple
SNOMED CT: Multiple personality disorder (31611000); Dissociative identity disorder (31611000)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0001159

Definition

A disorder characterized by the presence of two or more identities with distinct patterns of perception and personality which recurrently take control of the person''s behavior; this is accompanied by a retrospective gap in memory of important personal information that far exceeds ordinary forgetfulness. The changes in identity are not due to substance use or to a general medical condition. [from NCI]

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Piper A Jr
Am J Psychother 1994 Summer;48(3):392-400. doi: 10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.1994.48.3.392. PMID: 7992870
Fike ML
Am J Occup Ther 1990 Nov;44(11):999-1007. doi: 10.5014/ajot.44.11.999. PMID: 2252074
Coons PM
Child Abuse Negl 1986;10(4):455-62. doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(86)90049-9. PMID: 3539264

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Frankel FH
Am J Psychiatry 1996 Jul;153(7 Suppl):64-70. doi: 10.1176/ajp.153.7.64. PMID: 8659642
Fink D
Psychiatr Clin North Am 1991 Sep;14(3):547-66. PMID: 1946024
Fike ML
Am J Occup Ther 1990 Nov;44(11):984-90. doi: 10.5014/ajot.44.11.984. PMID: 2252071
Frye B
Am J Occup Ther 1990 Nov;44(11):1013-22. doi: 10.5014/ajot.44.11.1013. PMID: 2252061
Ross CA, Heber S, Norton GR, Anderson G
J Nerv Ment Dis 1989 Aug;177(8):487-91. doi: 10.1097/00005053-198908000-00006. PMID: 2760600

Diagnosis

Kihlstrom JF
Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2005;1:227-53. doi: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.1.102803.143925. PMID: 17716088
McAllister MM
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2000 Jan;7(1):25-33. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2850.2000.00259.x. PMID: 11022508
Salama AA
J Med Assoc Ga 1995 Feb;84(2):75-9. PMID: 7891008
Merskey H
Br J Psychiatry 1995 Mar;166(3):281-3. doi: 10.1192/bjp.166.3.281. PMID: 7788115
Piper A Jr
Br J Psychiatry 1994 May;164(5):600-12. doi: 10.1192/bjp.164.5.600. PMID: 7921709

Therapy

Bob P
Am J Psychother 2004;58(2):139-49. doi: 10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.2004.58.2.139. PMID: 15373277
Steinberg M, Bancroft J, Buchanan J
Bull Am Acad Psychiatry Law 1993;21(3):345-56. PMID: 8148515
Putnam FW, Loewenstein RJ
Am J Psychiatry 1993 Jul;150(7):1048-52. doi: 10.1176/ajp.150.7.1048. PMID: 8100401
Modestin J
Am J Psychiatry 1992 Jan;149(1):88-92. doi: 10.1176/ajp.149.1.88. PMID: 1728191
Loewenstein RJ
Psychiatr Clin North Am 1991 Sep;14(3):721-40. PMID: 1946032

Prognosis

Piper A Jr
Am J Psychother 1994 Summer;48(3):392-400. doi: 10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.1994.48.3.392. PMID: 7992870
Atchison M, McFarlane AC
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 1994 Dec;28(4):591-9. doi: 10.1080/00048679409080782. PMID: 7794202
Classen C, Koopman C, Spiegel D
Bull Menninger Clin 1993 Spring;57(2):178-94. PMID: 8508155
Braun BG
Am J Occup Ther 1990 Nov;44(11):971-6. doi: 10.5014/ajot.44.11.971. PMID: 2252069
Kluft RP
Hosp Community Psychiatry 1987 Apr;38(4):363-73. doi: 10.1176/ps.38.4.363. PMID: 3552929

Clinical prediction guides

Frankel FH
Am J Psychiatry 1996 Jul;153(7 Suppl):64-70. doi: 10.1176/ajp.153.7.64. PMID: 8659642
Classen C, Koopman C, Spiegel D
Bull Menninger Clin 1993 Spring;57(2):178-94. PMID: 8508155
Weissberg M
Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1993 Jan;41(1):15-34. doi: 10.1080/00207149308414535. PMID: 8425773
Putnam FW
Psychiatr Clin North Am 1991 Sep;14(3):489-502. PMID: 1946019
Frye B
Am J Occup Ther 1990 Nov;44(11):1013-22. doi: 10.5014/ajot.44.11.1013. PMID: 2252061

Supplemental Content

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