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Intellectual developmental disorder with dysmorphic facies and ptosis(IDDDFP)

MedGen UID:
934584
Concept ID:
C4310617
Disease or Syndrome
Synonym: IDDDFP
 
Gene (location): BRPF1 (3p25.3)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0015022
OMIM®: 617333

Definition

Intellectual developmental disorder with dysmorphic facies and ptosis (IDDDFP) is an autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, delayed language, and dysmorphic facial features, most notably ptosis/blepharophimosis. Additional features may include poor growth, hypotonia, and seizures (summary by Mattioli et al., 2017). See also chromosome 3p deletion syndrome (613792). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Clubfoot
MedGen UID:
3130
Concept ID:
C0009081
Congenital Abnormality
Clubfoot is a congenital limb deformity defined as fixation of the foot in cavus, adductus, varus, and equinus (i.e., inclined inwards, axially rotated outwards, and pointing downwards) with concomitant soft tissue abnormalities (Cardy et al., 2007). Clubfoot may occur in isolation or as part of a syndrome (e.g., diastrophic dysplasia, 222600). Clubfoot has been reported with deficiency of long bones and mirror-image polydactyly (Gurnett et al., 2008; Klopocki et al., 2012).
Fetal growth restriction
MedGen UID:
4693
Concept ID:
C0015934
Pathologic Function
An abnormal restriction of fetal growth with fetal weight below the tenth percentile for gestational age.
Short stature
MedGen UID:
87607
Concept ID:
C0349588
Finding
A height below that which is expected according to age and gender norms. Although there is no universally accepted definition of short stature, many refer to "short stature" as height more than 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender (or below the 3rd percentile for age and gender dependent norms).
Growth delay
MedGen UID:
99124
Concept ID:
C0456070
Pathologic Function
A deficiency or slowing down of growth pre- and postnatally.
Feeding difficulties
MedGen UID:
65429
Concept ID:
C0232466
Finding
Impaired ability to eat related to problems gathering food and getting ready to suck, chew, or swallow it.
Low-set ears
MedGen UID:
65980
Concept ID:
C0239234
Congenital Abnormality
Upper insertion of the ear to the scalp below an imaginary horizontal line drawn between the inner canthi of the eye and extending posteriorly to the ear.
Seizure
MedGen UID:
20693
Concept ID:
C0036572
Sign or Symptom
A seizure is an intermittent abnormality of nervous system physiology characterized by a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Delayed ability to walk
MedGen UID:
66034
Concept ID:
C0241726
Finding
A failure to achieve the ability to walk at an appropriate developmental stage. Most children learn to walk in a series of stages, and learn to walk short distances independently between 12 and 15 months.
Delayed speech and language development
MedGen UID:
105318
Concept ID:
C0454644
Finding
A degree of language development that is significantly below the norm for a child of a specified age.
Global developmental delay
MedGen UID:
107838
Concept ID:
C0557874
Finding
A delay in the achievement of motor or mental milestones in the domains of development of a child, including motor skills, speech and language, cognitive skills, and social and emotional skills. This term should only be used to describe children younger than five years of age.
Delayed gross motor development
MedGen UID:
332508
Concept ID:
C1837658
Finding
A type of motor delay characterized by a delay in acquiring the ability to control the large muscles of the body for walking, running, sitting, and crawling.
Abnormal myelination
MedGen UID:
347527
Concept ID:
C1857704
Finding
Any anomaly in the process by which myelin sheaths are formed and maintained around neurons.
Intellectual disability
MedGen UID:
811461
Concept ID:
C3714756
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, is characterized by subnormal intellectual functioning that occurs during the developmental period. It is defined by an IQ score below 70.
Delayed fine motor development
MedGen UID:
869257
Concept ID:
C4023681
Finding
A type of motor delay characterized by a delay in acquiring the ability to control the fingers and hands.
Thin corpus callosum
MedGen UID:
1785336
Concept ID:
C5441562
Anatomical Abnormality
An abnormally thin corpus callous, due to atrophy, hypoplasia or agenesis. This term is intended to be used in situations where it is not known if thinning of the corpus callosum (for instance, as visualized by magnetic resonance tomography) is due to abnormal development (e.g. a leukodystrophy) or atrophy following normal development (e.g. neurodegeneration).
Reduced cerebral white matter volume
MedGen UID:
1815057
Concept ID:
C5706151
Finding
An abnormally low volume of the white matter of the brain.
Klippel-Feil syndrome
MedGen UID:
9645
Concept ID:
C0022738
Disease or Syndrome
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is a congenital anomaly characterized by a defect in the formation or segmentation of the cervical vertebrae, resulting in a fused appearance. The clinical triad consists of short neck, low posterior hairline, and limited neck movement, although less than 50% of patients demonstrate all 3 clinical features (Tracy et al., 2004). Genetic Heterogeneity of Klippel-Feil Syndrome Additional forms of KFS include autosomal recessive KFS2 (214300), caused by mutation in the MEOX1 gene (600147) on chromosome 17q21, autosomal dominant KFS3 (613702), caused by mutation in the GDF3 gene (606522) on chromosome 12p13, and autosomal recessive KFS4 (616549), caused by mutation in the MYO18B gene (607295) on chromosome 22q12. See also MURCS association (601076), in which Klippel-Feil anomaly is associated with urogenital anomalies.
Hypotonia
MedGen UID:
10133
Concept ID:
C0026827
Finding
Hypotonia is an abnormally low muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to movement in a muscle). Even when relaxed, muscles have a continuous and passive partial contraction which provides some resistance to passive stretching. Hypotonia thus manifests as diminished resistance to passive stretching. Hypotonia is not the same as muscle weakness, although the two conditions can co-exist.
Camptodactyly
MedGen UID:
195780
Concept ID:
C0685409
Congenital Abnormality
The distal interphalangeal joint and/or the proximal interphalangeal joint of the fingers or toes cannot be extended to 180 degrees by either active or passive extension.
Joint hypermobility
MedGen UID:
336793
Concept ID:
C1844820
Finding
The capability that a joint (or a group of joints) has to move, passively and/or actively, beyond normal limits along physiological axes.
Microcephaly
MedGen UID:
1644158
Concept ID:
C4551563
Finding
Head circumference below 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender.
Blepharophimosis
MedGen UID:
2670
Concept ID:
C0005744
Congenital Abnormality
A fixed reduction in the vertical distance between the upper and lower eyelids with short palpebral fissures.
Wide mouth
MedGen UID:
44238
Concept ID:
C0024433
Congenital Abnormality
Distance between the oral commissures more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased width of the oral aperture (subjective).
Narrow mouth
MedGen UID:
44435
Concept ID:
C0026034
Congenital Abnormality
Distance between the commissures of the mouth more than 2 SD below the mean. Alternatively, an apparently decreased width of the oral aperture (subjective).
Round face
MedGen UID:
116087
Concept ID:
C0239479
Finding
The facial appearance is more circular than usual as viewed from the front.
Downslanted palpebral fissures
MedGen UID:
98391
Concept ID:
C0423110
Finding
The palpebral fissure inclination is more than two standard deviations below the mean.
Broad forehead
MedGen UID:
338610
Concept ID:
C1849089
Finding
Width of the forehead or distance between the frontotemporales is more than two standard deviations above the mean (objective); or apparently increased distance between the two sides of the forehead.
Wide nasal bridge
MedGen UID:
341441
Concept ID:
C1849367
Finding
Increased breadth of the nasal bridge (and with it, the nasal root).
Flat face
MedGen UID:
342829
Concept ID:
C1853241
Finding
Absence of concavity or convexity of the face when viewed in profile.
Short philtrum
MedGen UID:
350006
Concept ID:
C1861324
Finding
Distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border more than 2 SD below the mean. Alternatively, an apparently decreased distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border.
Long philtrum
MedGen UID:
351278
Concept ID:
C1865014
Finding
Distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border.
Downturned corners of mouth
MedGen UID:
356471
Concept ID:
C1866195
Anatomical Abnormality
A morphological abnormality of the mouth in which the angle of the mouth is downturned. The oral commissures are positioned inferior to the midline labial fissure.
Ptosis
MedGen UID:
2287
Concept ID:
C0005745
Disease or Syndrome
The upper eyelid margin is positioned 3 mm or more lower than usual and covers the superior portion of the iris (objective); or, the upper lid margin obscures at least part of the pupil (subjective).
Hypertelorism
MedGen UID:
9373
Concept ID:
C0020534
Finding
Although hypertelorism means an excessive distance between any paired organs (e.g., the nipples), the use of the word has come to be confined to ocular hypertelorism. Hypertelorism occurs as an isolated feature and is also a feature of many syndromes, e.g., Opitz G syndrome (see 300000), Greig cephalopolysyndactyly (175700), and Noonan syndrome (163950) (summary by Cohen et al., 1995).
Strabismus
MedGen UID:
21337
Concept ID:
C0038379
Disease or Syndrome
A misalignment of the eyes so that the visual axes deviate from bifoveal fixation. The classification of strabismus may be based on a number of features including the relative position of the eyes, whether the deviation is latent or manifest, intermittent or constant, concomitant or otherwise and according to the age of onset and the relevance of any associated refractive error.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Chiu ATG, Pei SLC, Mak CCY, Leung GKC, Yu MHC, Lee SL, Vreeburg M, Pfundt R, van der Burgt I, Kleefstra T, Frederic TM, Nambot S, Faivre L, Bruel AL, Rossi M, Isidor B, Küry S, Cogne B, Besnard T, Willems M, Reijnders MRF, Chung BHY
Clin Genet 2018 Apr;93(4):880-890. Epub 2018 Feb 13 doi: 10.1111/cge.13196. PMID: 29240241

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Cheon CK, Choi HY, Park SH, Jung JH, Kim SJ
Ophthalmic Genet 2021 Apr;42(2):101-104. Epub 2020 Dec 18 doi: 10.1080/13816810.2020.1861308. PMID: 33334222
Verloes A, Di Donato N, Masliah-Planchon J, Jongmans M, Abdul-Raman OA, Albrecht B, Allanson J, Brunner H, Bertola D, Chassaing N, David A, Devriendt K, Eftekhari P, Drouin-Garraud V, Faravelli F, Faivre L, Giuliano F, Guion Almeida L, Juncos J, Kempers M, Eker HK, Lacombe D, Lin A, Mancini G, Melis D, Lourenço CM, Siu VM, Morin G, Nezarati M, Nowaczyk MJ, Ramer JC, Osimani S, Philip N, Pierpont ME, Procaccio V, Roseli ZS, Rossi M, Rusu C, Sznajer Y, Templin L, Uliana V, Klaus M, Van Bon B, Van Ravenswaaij C, Wainer B, Fry AE, Rump A, Hoischen A, Drunat S, Rivière JB, Dobyns WB, Pilz DT
Eur J Hum Genet 2015 Mar;23(3):292-301. Epub 2014 Jul 23 doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2014.95. PMID: 25052316Free PMC Article
Wieczorek D
Clin Genet 2013 Jun;83(6):499-510. Epub 2013 Apr 8 doi: 10.1111/cge.12123. PMID: 23565775
Turleau C
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2008 Feb 19;3:4. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-3-4. PMID: 18284672Free PMC Article
Laxova R
Adv Pediatr 1994;41:305-42. PMID: 7992687

Diagnosis

Souza J, do Valle DA, Santos MLSF, Colomé FB, Teive HAG, da Silva Freitas R, Herai RH
Am J Med Genet A 2022 Jun;188(6):1875-1880. Epub 2022 Mar 3 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.62706. PMID: 35243762
Yates TM, Turner CL, Firth HV, Berg J, Pilz DT
Clin Genet 2017 Jul;92(1):3-9. Epub 2016 Nov 30 doi: 10.1111/cge.12864. PMID: 27625340
Turleau C
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2008 Feb 19;3:4. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-3-4. PMID: 18284672Free PMC Article
Laxova R
Adv Pediatr 1994;41:305-42. PMID: 7992687
Küster W, Majewski F
Eur J Pediatr 1986 Apr;144(6):574-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00496039. PMID: 3709570

Therapy

Jinxiu L, Shuimei L, Ming X, Jonathan LC, Xiangju L, Wenyuan D
Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(16):e19813. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000019813. PMID: 32311999Free PMC Article
Schuurs-Hoeijmakers JH, Landsverk ML, Foulds N, Kukolich MK, Gavrilova RH, Greville-Heygate S, Hanson-Kahn A, Bernstein JA, Glass J, Chitayat D, Burrow TA, Husami A, Collins K, Wusik K, van der Aa N, Kooy F, Brown KT, Gadzicki D, Kini U, Alvarez S, Fernández-Jaén A, McGehee F, Selby K, Tarailo-Graovac M, Van Allen M, van Karnebeek CD, Stavropoulos DJ, Marshall CR, Merico D, Gregor A, Zweier C, Hopkin RJ, Chu YW, Chung BH, de Vries BB, Devriendt K, Hurles ME, Brunner HG; DDD study
Am J Med Genet A 2016 Mar;170(3):670-5. Epub 2016 Feb 3 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.37476. PMID: 26842493
Laxova R
Adv Pediatr 1994;41:305-42. PMID: 7992687

Prognosis

Cheon CK, Choi HY, Park SH, Jung JH, Kim SJ
Ophthalmic Genet 2021 Apr;42(2):101-104. Epub 2020 Dec 18 doi: 10.1080/13816810.2020.1861308. PMID: 33334222
Eker HK, Derinkuyu BE, Ünal S, Masliah-Planchon J, Drunat S, Verloes A
Eur J Med Genet 2014 Jan;57(1):32-6. Epub 2013 Nov 7 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2013.10.005. PMID: 24211661
Turleau C
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2008 Feb 19;3:4. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-3-4. PMID: 18284672Free PMC Article
Blanco-Dávila F, Olveda-Rodriguez JA
J Craniofac Surg 2001 Mar;12(2):145-7. doi: 10.1097/00001665-200103000-00011. PMID: 11314625
Zalzstein E, Moes CA, Musewe NN, Freedom RM
Pediatr Cardiol 1991 Oct;12(4):219-23. doi: 10.1007/BF02310569. PMID: 1946010

Clinical prediction guides

Bhoj EJ, Haye D, Toutain A, Bonneau D, Nielsen IK, Lund IB, Bogaard P, Leenskjold S, Karaer K, Wild KT, Grand KL, Astiazaran MC, Gonzalez-Nieto LA, Carvalho A, Lehalle D, Amudhavalli SM, Repnikova E, Saunders C, Thiffault I, Saadi I, Li D, Hakonarson H, Vial Y, Zackai E, Callier P, Drunat S, Verloes A
Eur J Med Genet 2019 Dec;62(12):103588. Epub 2018 Nov 22 doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2018.11.022. PMID: 30472488Free PMC Article
Chiu ATG, Pei SLC, Mak CCY, Leung GKC, Yu MHC, Lee SL, Vreeburg M, Pfundt R, van der Burgt I, Kleefstra T, Frederic TM, Nambot S, Faivre L, Bruel AL, Rossi M, Isidor B, Küry S, Cogne B, Besnard T, Willems M, Reijnders MRF, Chung BHY
Clin Genet 2018 Apr;93(4):880-890. Epub 2018 Feb 13 doi: 10.1111/cge.13196. PMID: 29240241
Happ H, Schilter KF, Weh E, Reis LM, Semina EV
Am J Med Genet A 2016 Sep;170(9):2471-5. Epub 2016 Jul 5 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.37840. PMID: 27378168Free PMC Article
Basel-Vanagaite L, Yilmaz R, Tang S, Reuter MS, Rahner N, Grange DK, Mortenson M, Koty P, Feenstra H, Farwell Gonzalez KD, Sticht H, Boddaert N, Désir J, Anyane-Yeboa K, Zweier C, Reis A, Kubisch C, Jewett T, Zeng W, Borck G
Hum Genet 2014 Jul;133(7):939-49. Epub 2014 Mar 11 doi: 10.1007/s00439-014-1436-2. PMID: 24615390
Lesca G, Moizard MP, Bussy G, Boggio D, Hu H, Haas SA, Ropers HH, Kalscheuer VM, Des Portes V, Labalme A, Sanlaville D, Edery P, Raynaud M, Lespinasse J
Am J Med Genet A 2013 Dec;161A(12):3063-71. Epub 2013 Aug 16 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.36162. PMID: 24039113

Recent systematic reviews

Simmers R, Goodwin A, Al Saif H, Couser N
Ophthalmic Genet 2022 Oct;43(5):699-702. Epub 2022 Jun 27 doi: 10.1080/13816810.2022.2089358. PMID: 35762114

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