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Head and Neck Carcinoma of Unknown Primary

MedGen UID:
1703702
Concept ID:
C5206676
Neoplastic Process
Synonym: Head and Neck CUP

Definition

A carcinoma that has metastasized to the head and neck region from an unknown primary anatomic site. [from NCI]

Term Hierarchy

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Podeur F, Pommier P, Crozes C, Monchet E, Ton Van J, Roux PE, Poupart M, Zrounba P, Julieron M, Deneuve S
Head Neck 2020 Feb;42(2):302-311. Epub 2019 Nov 18 doi: 10.1002/hed.26007. PMID: 31737971
Cheraghlou S, Torabi SJ, Husain ZA, Otremba MD, Osborn HA, Mehra S, Yarbrough WG, Burtness BA, Judson BL
Laryngoscope 2019 Mar;129(3):684-691. Epub 2018 Aug 27 doi: 10.1002/lary.27475. PMID: 30151832

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Palma DA, Prisman E, Berthelet E, Tran E, Hamilton S, Wu J, Eskander A, Higgins K, Karam I, Poon I, Husain Z, Enepekides D, Hier M, Sultanem K, Richardson K, Mlynarek A, Johnson-Obaseki S, Odell M, Bayley A, Dowthwaite S, Jackson JE, Dzienis M, O'Neil J, Chandarana S, Banerjee R, Hart R, Chung J, Tenenholtz T, Krishnan S, Le H, Yoo J, Mendez A, Winquist E, Kuruvilla S, Stewart P, Warner A, Mitchell S, Chen J, Parker C, Wehrli B, Kwan K, Theurer J, Sathya J, Hammond JA, Read N, Venkatesan V, MacNeil SD, Fung K, Nichols AC
JAMA Oncol 2022 Jun 1;8(6):1-7. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2022.0615. PMID: 35482348Free PMC Article
Kiyota N, Tahara M, Mizusawa J, Kodaira T, Fujii H, Yamazaki T, Mitani H, Iwae S, Fujimoto Y, Onozawa Y, Hanai N, Ogawa T, Hara H, Monden N, Shimura E, Minami S, Fujii T, Tanaka K, Homma A, Yoshimoto S, Oridate N, Omori K, Ueda T, Okami K, Ota I, Shiga K, Sugasawa M, Asakage T, Saito Y, Murono S, Nishimura Y, Nakamura K, Hayashi R; Head and Neck Cancer Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG-HNCSG)
J Clin Oncol 2022 Jun 20;40(18):1980-1990. Epub 2022 Mar 1 doi: 10.1200/JCO.21.01293. PMID: 35230884Free PMC Article
Biau J, Lapeyre M, Troussier I, Budach W, Giralt J, Grau C, Kazmierska J, Langendijk JA, Ozsahin M, O'Sullivan B, Bourhis J, Grégoire V
Radiother Oncol 2019 May;134:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 30 doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2019.01.018. PMID: 31005201
Bakst RL, Glastonbury CM, Parvathaneni U, Katabi N, Hu KS, Yom SS
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2019 Apr 1;103(5):1109-1124. Epub 2018 Dec 15 doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.12.009. PMID: 30562546
Huang SH, O'Sullivan B
Curr Treat Options Oncol 2017 Jul;18(7):40. doi: 10.1007/s11864-017-0484-y. PMID: 28555375

Diagnosis

Ye W, Arnaud EH, Langerman A, Mannion K, Topf MC
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2021 Nov;30(6):e13459. Epub 2021 May 1 doi: 10.1111/ecc.13459. PMID: 33932056
Ota I, Kitahara T
Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Feb;48(1):23-31. Epub 2020 Sep 1 doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2020.08.014. PMID: 32888761
Maghami E, Ismaila N, Alvarez A, Chernock R, Duvvuri U, Geiger J, Gross N, Haughey B, Paul D, Rodriguez C, Sher D, Stambuk HE, Waldron J, Witek M, Caudell J
J Clin Oncol 2020 Aug 1;38(22):2570-2596. Epub 2020 Apr 23 doi: 10.1200/JCO.20.00275. PMID: 32324430
Kennel T, Garrel R, Costes V, Boisselier P, Crampette L, Favier V
Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2019 Jun;136(3):185-192. Epub 2019 Apr 17 doi: 10.1016/j.anorl.2019.04.002. PMID: 31005456
Huang SH, O'Sullivan B
Curr Treat Options Oncol 2017 Jul;18(7):40. doi: 10.1007/s11864-017-0484-y. PMID: 28555375

Therapy

Cascone T, Leung CH, Weissferdt A, Pataer A, Carter BW, Godoy MCB, Feldman H, William WN Jr, Xi Y, Basu S, Sun JJ, Yadav SS, Rojas Alvarez FR, Lee Y, Mishra AK, Chen L, Pradhan M, Guo H, Sinjab A, Zhou N, Negrao MV, Le X, Gay CM, Tsao AS, Byers LA, Altan M, Glisson BS, Fossella FV, Elamin YY, Blumenschein G Jr, Zhang J, Skoulidis F, Wu J, Mehran RJ, Rice DC, Walsh GL, Hofstetter WL, Rajaram R, Antonoff MB, Fujimoto J, Solis LM, Parra ER, Haymaker C, Wistuba II, Swisher SG, Vaporciyan AA, Lin HY, Wang J, Gibbons DL, Jack Lee J, Ajami NJ, Wargo JA, Allison JP, Sharma P, Kadara H, Heymach JV, Sepesi B
Nat Med 2023 Mar;29(3):593-604. Epub 2023 Mar 16 doi: 10.1038/s41591-022-02189-0. PMID: 36928818Free PMC Article
Kiyota N, Tahara M, Mizusawa J, Kodaira T, Fujii H, Yamazaki T, Mitani H, Iwae S, Fujimoto Y, Onozawa Y, Hanai N, Ogawa T, Hara H, Monden N, Shimura E, Minami S, Fujii T, Tanaka K, Homma A, Yoshimoto S, Oridate N, Omori K, Ueda T, Okami K, Ota I, Shiga K, Sugasawa M, Asakage T, Saito Y, Murono S, Nishimura Y, Nakamura K, Hayashi R; Head and Neck Cancer Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG-HNCSG)
J Clin Oncol 2022 Jun 20;40(18):1980-1990. Epub 2022 Mar 1 doi: 10.1200/JCO.21.01293. PMID: 35230884Free PMC Article
Petit C, Lacas B, Pignon JP, Le QT, Grégoire V, Grau C, Hackshaw A, Zackrisson B, Parmar MKB, Lee JW, Ghi MG, Sanguineti G, Temam S, Cheugoua-Zanetsie M, O'Sullivan B, Posner MR, Vokes EE, Cruz Hernandez JJ, Szutkowski Z, Lartigau E, Budach V, Suwiński R, Poulsen M, Kumar S, Ghosh Laskar S, Mazeron JJ, Jeremic B, Simes J, Zhong LP, Overgaard J, Fortpied C, Torres-Saavedra P, Bourhis J, Aupérin A, Blanchard P; MACH-NC and MARCH Collaborative Groups
Lancet Oncol 2021 May;22(5):727-736. Epub 2021 Apr 13 doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00076-0. PMID: 33862002
Maghami E, Ismaila N, Alvarez A, Chernock R, Duvvuri U, Geiger J, Gross N, Haughey B, Paul D, Rodriguez C, Sher D, Stambuk HE, Waldron J, Witek M, Caudell J
J Clin Oncol 2020 Aug 1;38(22):2570-2596. Epub 2020 Apr 23 doi: 10.1200/JCO.20.00275. PMID: 32324430
Mok TS, Wu Y-L, Ahn M-J, Garassino MC, Kim HR, Ramalingam SS, Shepherd FA, He Y, Akamatsu H, Theelen WS, Lee CK, Sebastian M, Templeton A, Mann H, Marotti M, Ghiorghiu S, Papadimitrakopoulou VA; AURA3 Investigators
N Engl J Med 2017 Feb 16;376(7):629-640. Epub 2016 Dec 6 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1612674. PMID: 27959700Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Maghami E, Ismaila N, Alvarez A, Chernock R, Duvvuri U, Geiger J, Gross N, Haughey B, Paul D, Rodriguez C, Sher D, Stambuk HE, Waldron J, Witek M, Caudell J
J Clin Oncol 2020 Aug 1;38(22):2570-2596. Epub 2020 Apr 23 doi: 10.1200/JCO.20.00275. PMID: 32324430
Bakst RL, Glastonbury CM, Parvathaneni U, Katabi N, Hu KS, Yom SS
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2019 Apr 1;103(5):1109-1124. Epub 2018 Dec 15 doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.12.009. PMID: 30562546
Bochtler T, Löffler H, Krämer A
Semin Diagn Pathol 2018 May;35(3):199-206. Epub 2017 Nov 26 doi: 10.1053/j.semdp.2017.11.013. PMID: 29203116
Huang SH, O'Sullivan B
Curr Treat Options Oncol 2017 Jul;18(7):40. doi: 10.1007/s11864-017-0484-y. PMID: 28555375
Lydiatt WM, Patel SG, O'Sullivan B, Brandwein MS, Ridge JA, Migliacci JC, Loomis AM, Shah JP
CA Cancer J Clin 2017 Mar;67(2):122-137. Epub 2017 Jan 27 doi: 10.3322/caac.21389. PMID: 28128848

Clinical prediction guides

Cascone T, Leung CH, Weissferdt A, Pataer A, Carter BW, Godoy MCB, Feldman H, William WN Jr, Xi Y, Basu S, Sun JJ, Yadav SS, Rojas Alvarez FR, Lee Y, Mishra AK, Chen L, Pradhan M, Guo H, Sinjab A, Zhou N, Negrao MV, Le X, Gay CM, Tsao AS, Byers LA, Altan M, Glisson BS, Fossella FV, Elamin YY, Blumenschein G Jr, Zhang J, Skoulidis F, Wu J, Mehran RJ, Rice DC, Walsh GL, Hofstetter WL, Rajaram R, Antonoff MB, Fujimoto J, Solis LM, Parra ER, Haymaker C, Wistuba II, Swisher SG, Vaporciyan AA, Lin HY, Wang J, Gibbons DL, Jack Lee J, Ajami NJ, Wargo JA, Allison JP, Sharma P, Kadara H, Heymach JV, Sepesi B
Nat Med 2023 Mar;29(3):593-604. Epub 2023 Mar 16 doi: 10.1038/s41591-022-02189-0. PMID: 36928818Free PMC Article
Palma DA, Prisman E, Berthelet E, Tran E, Hamilton S, Wu J, Eskander A, Higgins K, Karam I, Poon I, Husain Z, Enepekides D, Hier M, Sultanem K, Richardson K, Mlynarek A, Johnson-Obaseki S, Odell M, Bayley A, Dowthwaite S, Jackson JE, Dzienis M, O'Neil J, Chandarana S, Banerjee R, Hart R, Chung J, Tenenholtz T, Krishnan S, Le H, Yoo J, Mendez A, Winquist E, Kuruvilla S, Stewart P, Warner A, Mitchell S, Chen J, Parker C, Wehrli B, Kwan K, Theurer J, Sathya J, Hammond JA, Read N, Venkatesan V, MacNeil SD, Fung K, Nichols AC
JAMA Oncol 2022 Jun 1;8(6):1-7. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2022.0615. PMID: 35482348Free PMC Article
Petit C, Lacas B, Pignon JP, Le QT, Grégoire V, Grau C, Hackshaw A, Zackrisson B, Parmar MKB, Lee JW, Ghi MG, Sanguineti G, Temam S, Cheugoua-Zanetsie M, O'Sullivan B, Posner MR, Vokes EE, Cruz Hernandez JJ, Szutkowski Z, Lartigau E, Budach V, Suwiński R, Poulsen M, Kumar S, Ghosh Laskar S, Mazeron JJ, Jeremic B, Simes J, Zhong LP, Overgaard J, Fortpied C, Torres-Saavedra P, Bourhis J, Aupérin A, Blanchard P; MACH-NC and MARCH Collaborative Groups
Lancet Oncol 2021 May;22(5):727-736. Epub 2021 Apr 13 doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00076-0. PMID: 33862002
Maghami E, Ismaila N, Alvarez A, Chernock R, Duvvuri U, Geiger J, Gross N, Haughey B, Paul D, Rodriguez C, Sher D, Stambuk HE, Waldron J, Witek M, Caudell J
J Clin Oncol 2020 Aug 1;38(22):2570-2596. Epub 2020 Apr 23 doi: 10.1200/JCO.20.00275. PMID: 32324430
Huang SH, O'Sullivan B
Curr Treat Options Oncol 2017 Jul;18(7):40. doi: 10.1007/s11864-017-0484-y. PMID: 28555375

Recent systematic reviews

Al-Lami A, Gao C, Saddiq M, Al Zuhir N, Simo R, Arora A, Jeannon JP
Oral Oncol 2022 Mar;126:105748. Epub 2022 Feb 7 doi: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2022.105748. PMID: 35144209
Di Maio P, Iocca O, De Virgilio A, Giudice M, Pellini R, D'Ascanio L, Golusiński P, Ricci G, Spriano G
Laryngoscope 2020 Jul;130(7):1692-1700. Epub 2019 Nov 12 doi: 10.1002/lary.28350. PMID: 31714611
Di Maio P, Iocca O, De Virgilio A, Ferreli F, Cristalli G, Pellini R, Golusinski P, Ricci G, Spriano G
Head Neck 2019 Apr;41(4):1112-1121. Epub 2018 Dec 21 doi: 10.1002/hed.25522. PMID: 30575162
Fu TS, Foreman A, Goldstein DP, de Almeida JR
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2016 May 4;45(1):28. doi: 10.1186/s40463-016-0142-6. PMID: 27142355Free PMC Article
Cosway B, Drinnan M, Paleri V
Head Neck 2016 Apr;38 Suppl 1:E2358-67. Epub 2016 Feb 18 doi: 10.1002/hed.24300. PMID: 26891200

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