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Series GSE18590 Query DataSets for GSE18590
Status Public on Nov 12, 2009
Title DNMT1 Maintains Progenitor Function in Self-Renewing Somatic Tissue
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Methylation profiling by genome tiling array
Summary Progenitor cells maintain self-renewing tissues throughout life by sustaining their capacity for proliferation while suppressing cell cycle exit and terminal differentiation. DNA methylation provides a potential epigenetic mechanism for the cellular memory needed to preserve the somatic progenitor state through repeated cell divisions. DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) maintains DNA methylation patterns after cellular replication. Although dispensable for embryonic stem cell maintenance, a clear role for DNMT1 in maintaining the progenitor state in constantly replenished somatic tissues, such as mammalian epidermis, is uncharacterized. Here we show that DNMT1 is essential for supporting epidermal progenitor cell function. DNMT1 protein was found enriched in undifferentiated cells, where it was required to retain proliferative stamina and suppress differentiation. In tissue, DNMT1 depletion led to exit from the progenitor cell compartment, premature differentiation and eventual tissue loss. These effects correlated with DNA methylation as genome-wide analysis revealed that a significant portion of epidermal differentiation gene promoters were methylated in self-renewing conditions but were subsequently demethylated during differentiation.
Overall design Gene expression analysis: To establish a differentiation signature for primary human keratinocytes, total RNA was isolated in biologic duplicate from cells cultured in growth conditions and high calcium differentiation conditions and hybridized to Affymetrix HG-U133 2.0 Plus arrays. This gene signature was also compared to DNMT1 deficient cells cultured in growth conditions.

Methylated DNA profiling: To globally characterize DNA methylation in primary human keratinocytes, genomic DNA was immunoprecipitated using a 5-methylcytidine antibody, amplified, and hybridized to NimbleGen HG18 promoter tiling arrays. Profiling was done using DNA isolated in growth conditions as well as differentiation conditions.
Contributor(s) Khavari PA, Sen GL, Reuter JA, Webster DE, Zhu L
Citation(s) 20081831
Submission date Oct 15, 2009
Last update date Mar 25, 2019
Contact name Paul A Khavari
Organization name Stanford University
Department Dermatology
Lab Khavari Lab
Street address 259 Campus Dr
City Stanford
State/province CA
ZIP/Postal code 94305-5168
Country USA
Platforms (3)
GPL570 [HG-U133_Plus_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array
GPL6325 NimbleGen Homo sapiens HG18 promoter 1 of 2
GPL6326 NimbleGen Homo sapiens HG18 promoter 2 of 2
Samples (10)
GSM462031 -Ca_replicate_1_RMA_normalized
GSM462034 -Ca_replicate_2_RMA_normalized
GSM462037 +Ca_replicate_1_RMA_normalized
BioProject PRJNA120305

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE18590_RAW.tar 140.8 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL, PAIR)
Processed data included within Sample table

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